Programming and Practical Sciences (Model V)

  • Leszek Nowak
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 139)


Our ideal researcher from model IV is much more similar to actual investigators than its more idealized counterpart from model I: he applies the method of deduction in developing a theory, resorts to approximations, uses statistical statements, and so on. But he also aims at explanation of observed facts as his primary goal. This is so because of assumption p i being in force. But there is a significant part of scientific activity that does not satisfy this condition. For the so-called practical sciences (engineering, agricultural sciences, medical sciences, etc.) not explanation but programming of future facts seems to be peculiar. Therefore, we remove now this condition which makes possible the analysing of peculiarities of practical research.


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  1. 2.
    The substantial data are contained in Czerwiński (1).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    This is Znamierowski’s (1) idea.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1980

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  • Leszek Nowak

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