Advertisement

Water Relations and Plant Growth Regulators

Chapter
  • 102 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology book series (AABI, volume 21)

Abstract

In the 50 years since the identification of auxins there have been many suggestions that the various plant growth regulators may play an important role in modulating the water relations of plants. Interest in this subject has ebbed and flowed and after a decade where many groups have sought a central role for abscisic acid (ABA) as a ‘stress hormone’. It is perhaps only now becoming clear that several endogenous regulators can interact with a range of environmental variables to modify the plant water balance.

Keywords

Abscisic Acid Guard Cell Stomatal Opening Stomatal Aperture Experimental Botany 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Aharoni, N. and A. E. Richomond. 1978. Endogenous gibberellin and abscisic acid content as related to senescence of detached lettuce leaves. Plant Physiology. 63: 224–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aharoni, N., A. Blumenfeld and A. E. Richmond. 1977. Hormonal activity in detached lettuce leaves as affected by water content. Plant Physiology. 59: 1169–1173.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beardsell, M. F. and D. Cohen. 1975. Relationship between leaf water status, abscisic acid levels and stomatal resistance in maize and sorghum. Plant Physiology. 56: 207–212.Google Scholar
  4. Beyer, E. M. and P. W. Morgan. 1971. Abscission: the role of ethylene modification of auxin transport. Plant Physiol., 48: 208–212.Google Scholar
  5. Biddington, N. L. and T. H. Thomas. 1978. Influence of different cytokinins on the transpiration and senescence of excised oat leaves. Physiologia Plantarum. 42: 369–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blackman, P. G. and W. J. Davies. 1983. The effects of cytokinins and abscisic acid on stomatal behaviour of maize and Commelina. Journal of Experimental Botany. 34: 1619–1626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Blackman, P. G. and W. J. Davies. 1984a. Modification of the CO2 responses of maize stomata by abscisic acid and by naturally-occurring and synthetic cytokinins. Journal of Experimental Botany. 35: 174–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blackman, P. G. and W. J. Davies. 1984b. Age-related change in stomatal response to cytokinins and abscisic acid. Annals of Botany. 54: 121–125.Google Scholar
  9. Blackman, P. G. and W. J. Davies. 1985. Root to shoot communication in maize plants of the effects of soil drying. Journal of Experimental Botany. 36: 32–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Boysen Jensen, P. 1936. Growth hormones in plants. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc. 268 pages.Google Scholar
  11. Bradford, K. J. and T. C. Hsiao. 1982. Stomatal behavior and water relations of waterlogged tomato plants. Plant Physiology. 70: 1508–1513.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bradford, K. J. and S. F. Yang. 1981. Physiological response to waterlogging. Horticultural Science. 16: 25–30.Google Scholar
  13. Cooper, M. J., J. Digby and P. J. Cooper. 1972. The effects of plant hormones on the stomata of barley: a study of the interaction between abscisic acid and kinetin. Planta. 105: 43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Darbyshire, B. 1971. Changes in indolacetic acid and oxidase activity associated with plant water potential. Physiologia Plantarum. 25: 80–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Davenport, T. L., P. W. Morgan and W. R. Jordan. 1980. Reduction of auxin transport capacity with age and internal water deficits in cotton petiols. Plant Physiology. 65: 1023–1025.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Davies, W. J. and T. A. Mansfield. 1983. The role of abscisic acid in drought avoidance. In: Abscisic acid. F. T. Addicott (ed.). Praeger Press, New York. pp. 237–268.Google Scholar
  17. Davies, W. J. and T. A. Mansfield. 1983. The role of abscisic acid in drought avoidance. In: Abscisic acid. F. T. Addicott (ed.). Praeger Press, New York. pp. 237–268.Google Scholar
  18. Davies, W. J., P. G. Blackman and T. A. Mansfield. 1983. Manipulation of stomatal behaviour and plant water status to increase herbicide effect. Aspects of Applied Biology. 4: 197–205.Google Scholar
  19. Davies, W. J., T. A. Mansfield and P. J. Orton. 1978. Strategies employed by plants to conserve water: can we improve on them ? In: Opportunities for chemical plant growth regulation. BCPC and BPGRG Symposium. British Crop Protection Council, London. pp. 45–54.Google Scholar
  20. Davies. W. J., J. L. Rodriguez and E. L. Fiscus. Stomatal behaviour and water movement through roots of wheat (Triticum aestivm cultivar Nadadores) plants treated with abscisic acid. Plant, Cell and Environment. 5: 484–494.Google Scholar
  21. Fiscus, E. L. 1981. Effects of abscisic acid on the hydraulic conductance of and the total ion transport through Phaseolus root systems. Plant Physiology. 68: 169–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Glinka, Z. 1980. Abscisic acid promotes both volume flow and ion release to the xylem in sunflower roots. Plant Physiology. 65: 537–540.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Goodwin. P. B. 1978. In: Phytohormones and Related Compounds-a Comprehensive Treatise 1978. Letham, D. S. et al. (eds.). North Holland Amsterdam. Vol. 2. pp. 31–174.Google Scholar
  24. Hall, M. A., J. A. Kapuya, S. Sirakumaran and A. John. 1977. The role of ethylene in the response of plants to stress. Pesticide Science. 8: 217–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hartung, W., B. Heilman and H. Gimmler. 1981. Do chloroplasts play a role in abscisic acid synthesis ? Plant Science Letters. 22: 235–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Heilmann, B., W. Hartung and H. Gimmler. 1980. The distribution of abscisic acid between chloroplast and cytoplasm of leaf cells and the permeability of the chloroplast envelop to abscisic acid. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenphysiologie. 97: 67–78.Google Scholar
  27. Henson, I. E. 1981. Changes in abscisic acid content during stomatal closure in pearl millet. Plant Science Letters. 21: 121–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Herkelrath, W. N., E. E. Miller and W. R. Gardner. 1977. Water uptake by plants: II-The root contact model. Soil Society of America Journal. 41: 1039–1043.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hoad, G. V. 1973. Effect of moisture stress on abscisic acid levels in Ricinus communis L. with particular reference to phloem exudate. Planta. 113: 367–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hoad, G. V. 1975. Effect of osmotic stress on abscisic acid levels in xylem sap of sunflower. (Helianthus annuus). Planta. 124: 25–29.Google Scholar
  31. Incoll, L. D. and G. C. Whitelam. 1977. The effect of kinetin on stomata of the grass Anthephora pubescens Nees. Planta. 137: 243–245.Google Scholar
  32. Itai, C. and Y. Vaadia. 1965. Kinetin-like activity in root exudate of water stressed sunflower plants. Physiologia Plantarum. 18: 941–945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Itai, C., A. Richmond and Y. Vaadia. 1968. The role of root cytokinins during water and salinity stress. Israel Journal of Botany. 17: 187–195.Google Scholar
  34. Jackson, M. B., C. B. Hartley and D. J. Osborne. 1973. Timing abscission in Phaseolus vulgaris L. by controlling ethylene production and sensitivity to ethylene. New Phytologist. 72: 1251–1260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jewer, P. C. and L. D. Incoll. 1980. Promation of stomatal opening in the grass Anthephora pubescens Nees. by a range of natural and synthetic cytokinins. Planta. 150: 218–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Jewer, P. C. and L. D. Incoll. 1981. Promotion of stomatal opening in detached epidermis of Kalanchoe by natural and synthetic cytokinins. Planta. 153: 317–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Jones, H. G. 1980. Interaction and integration of adaptive responses to water stress: the implications of an unpredictable environment. In: Adaptation of plants to water and high temperature stress. Turner N. C. and P. J. Kramer (eds.) Wiley and Sons. New York. pp. 353–365.Google Scholar
  38. Jones, R. J. and T. A. Mansfield. 1971. Antitranspirant activity of methyl and phenyl esters of abscisic acid. Nature, 231: 331–332.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Jordan, W. K., P. W. Morgan and T. L. Davenport. 1972. Water stres enhances ethylene-mediated leaf abscission in cotton. Plant Physiology. 50: 756–758.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Karmoker, J. L. 1984. Hormonal regulation of ion transport in plants. In: Hormonal regulation of plant growth and development Vol. I. Purohit, S. S. (ed.). Agro Botanical Publishers (India), Bikaner. pp. 219–264.Google Scholar
  41. Karmoker, T. R. and R. F. M. Van Stevenick. 1978. The effect of abscisic acid on sugar levels in seedlings of Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Redland Pioneer. Planta. 146: 25–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kriedemann, P. E., B. R. Loveys, G. L. Fuller and A. C. Leopold. 1972. Abscisic acid and stomatal regulation. Plant Physiology. 49: 842–847.Google Scholar
  43. Livne, A. and Y. Vaadia. 1965. Stimulation of transpiration rate in barley leaves by kinetin and gibberellic acid. Physiologia Plantarum. 18: 658–663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Loveys, B. R. 1977. The intracellular location of abscisic acid in streseed and non-stressed leaf tissue. Physiologia Plantarum. 40: 6–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Luke, H. H. and T. E. Freeman. 1968. Stimulation of transpiration by cytokinins. Nature. 217: 873–874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. MacMichael, B. L., W. R. Jordan and R. D. Powell. 1972. Effect of water stress on ethylene production by intact cotton petioles. Plant Physiology. 49: 658–662.Google Scholar
  47. MacMichael, B. L., W. R. Jordan and R. D. Powell. 1973. Abscission processes in cotton: induction by water deficit. Agronomy Journal. 65: 202–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. MacRobbie, E. A. C. 1981. Effects of abscisic acid in “isolated” guard cells of Commelina communis L. Journal of Experimental Botany. 32 563–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Mansfield, T. A., M. A. Pemadasa and P. J. Snaith. 1983. New possibilities for controlling foliar absorption via stomata. Pesticide Science. 14: 294–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mansfield, T. A., A. R. Wellburn and T. J. S. Moreira. 1978. The role of water stress. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. B. 284: 471–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Markhart, A. H. III, E. L. Fiscus, A. W. Naylor and P. J. Kramer. 1975. Effect of abscisic acid on root hydraulic conductivity. Plant Physiology. 64: 611–614.Google Scholar
  52. Meidner, H. 1967. The effect of kinetin on stomatal opening and the rate of intake of carbon dioxide in mature primary leaves of barley. Journal of Experimental Botany. 18: 556–561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Milborrow, B. V. 1974. The chemistry and physiology of abscisic acid. Annual Review of Plant Physiology. 25: 259–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Morgan, J. M. Possible role of abscisic acid in reducing seed set in water stressed wheat plants. Nature. 285: 655–657.Google Scholar
  55. Ogunkanmi, A. B., D. J. Tucker and T. A. Mansfield. 1973. An improved bioassay for abscisic acid and other antitranspirants. New Phytologist. 72: 277–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Ohkuma, K., J. L. Lyon, F. T. Addicott and O. E. Smith. 1963. Abscisin II. an abscision accelerating substance from young cotton fruit. Science. 142: 1592–1593.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Orton, P. J. 1979. The influence of abscisic acid on the root development of Chrysanthemum moriflorum cuttings during propagation. Journal of Horticulture Science. 54: 171–180.Google Scholar
  58. Pallaghy, C. K. and K. Raschke. 1972. No stomatal response to ethylene. Plant Physiology. 49: 275–276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Pallas, J. E. and J. E. Box. 1970. Explanation for the stomatal response of excised leaves to kinetin. Nature. 227: 87–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Pallas, J. E. Jr. and S. J. Kays. 1982. Inhibition of photosynthesis by ethylene: a stomatal effect. Plant Physiology. 70: 598–601.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Pemadasa, M. A. 1982. Differential abaxial stomata] responses to indole-3-acetic acid in Commelina communis L. New Phytologist. 90: 209–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Pierce, M. and K. Raschke. 1981. Synthesis and metabolism of abscisic acid in detached leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. after loss and recovery of turgor. Planta. 153: 156–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Pitman, M. G., U. Liittge, A Laüchli and E. Ball. 1974. Action of abscisic acid on ion transport as affected by root temperature and nutrient status. Journal of Experimental Botany. 25: 147–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Quarrie, S. A. 1981. Genetic variability and heritability of drought-induced abscisic acid accumulation in spring wheat. Plant, Cell and Environment. 4: 147–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Quarrie, S. A. 1982. Droopy: wilty mutant of potato deficient in abscisic acid. Plant, Cell and Environment. 5: 23–56.Google Scholar
  66. Quarrie, S. A. and H G. Jones. 1977. Effects of abscisic acid and water stress on development and morphology of wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany. 28: 192–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Quarrie, S. A. and P. G. Lister. 1983. Characterization of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes differing in drought-induced abscisic acid accumulation. I. Drought-stressed abscisic acid production. Journal Experimental Botany. 34 1260–1270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Raschke, K. 1975. Simultaneous requirement of carbon dioxide and abscisic acid for stomatal closing in Xanthium strumarium. Planta. 125: 243–559.Google Scholar
  69. Snaith, P. J. and T. A. Mansfield. 1982a. Control of the CO2 response of stomata by indole-3-ylacetic acid and abscisic acid. Journal of Experimental Botany. 33: 360–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Snaith, P. J. and T. A. Mansfield. 1982b. Stomata) sensitivity to abscisic acid: can it be defined ? Plant, Cell and Environment. 5: 309–311.Google Scholar
  71. Tal, M. and D. Imber. 1971. Abnormal stomatal behaviour and hormonal imbalance in Fiacca, a wilty mutant of tomato. III Hormonal effects on the water status in the plant. Plant Physiology. 47: 849–850.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Tal, M., D. Imber, A. Evez and E. Epstein. 1971. Abnormal stomatal behaviour and hormonal imbalance in Fiacca a wilty mutant of tomato: V Effect of abscisic acid in indolacetic acid metabolism and ethylene evolution. Plant Physiology. 63: 1044–1048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Thomas, T. H., P. F. Wareing and P. M. Robinson. 1965. Action of the sycamore “dormin” as a gibberellin antagonist. Nature. 205: 1270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Torrey, J. G. 1976 Root hormones and plant growth. Annual Review of Plant Physiology. 27: 435–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Van Staden, J. and J. E. Darcy. 1979. The synthesis, transport and metabolism of endogenous cytokinins. Plant, Cell and Environment. 2: 93–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Van Volkenburgh, E. and W. J. Davies. 1983. Inhibition of light-stimulated leaf expansion by abscisic acid. Journal of Experimental Botany. 34: 835–845.Google Scholar
  77. Walton, D. C., M. A. Harrison and P. Cote. 1976. The effects of water stress on abscisic acid levels and metabolism in roots of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and other plants. Planta. 131: 141–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Wareing, P. F. 1978. Abscisic acid as a natural growth regulator. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 284: 483–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Warner, H. L. and A. Leopold. 1971. Timing and growth regulator responses in peas. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 44: 989–994.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Watts, S, J. L. Rodriguez and W. J. Davies. 1981. Root and shoot growth of plants treated with abscisic acid. Annal of Botany. 47: 595–602.Google Scholar
  81. Weiler, E. W. 1983. Immunoassay of Plant Constituents. Biochemical Society Transactions. 11: 485–495.Google Scholar
  82. Weiler, E. W., H. Schnabl, and C. Hornberg. 1982. Stress-related levels of abscisic acid in guard cell protoplasts of Vicia faba L. Planta. 154: 24–28.Google Scholar
  83. Weyers, J. D. B., P. J. Fitzsimons, G. M. Mansey and E. S. Martin. 1983. Guard cell protoplasts-Aspects of work with an important new research tool. Physiologia Plantarum. 58: 331–339.Google Scholar
  84. Wright, S. T. C. 1977. The relationship between leaf water potential and the levels of abscisic acid and ethylene in excised wheat leaves. Planta. 134: 183–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Yamaguchi, T. and H. E. Street. 1977. Stimulation of the growth of excised cultured shoots of soyabean by abscisic acid. Annals of Botany. 41: 1129–1133.Google Scholar
  86. Zabadal, T. J. 1974. A water potential threshold for the increase of abscisic acid in leaves. Plant Physiology. 53: 123–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht and Agro Botanical Publishers (India). 1987

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations