Advertisement

Auxin-Enhanced Elongation

Chapter
  • 101 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology book series (AABI, volume 21)

Abstract

As soon as the first workers realized the importance of auxin in plant growth, they began to consider possible mechanisms of action. In fact, chapter 8 in the classic book, Phytohormones, is entitled “The Mechanism of Action;” as early as 1930 workers in the field were describing auxin-increased elasticity and plasticity of the cell wall (Went and Thimann, 1937). This review will cover five major experiments which have occurred since 1964. These noteworthy experiments have had measurable effects on the direction research has taken in this field in recent years, and on the evolution of our understanding of the mechanism of action of auxin.

Keywords

Auxin Action Plant Growth Substance Soybean Hypocotyl Hypo Thesis Avena Coleoptile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Ashburnner, M., and J. J. Bonner. 1979. The induction of gene activity in Drosophila by heat shock. Cell, 17: 241–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bevan, M., and D. H. Northcote. 1981. Some rapid effects of synthetic auxin on mRNA levels in cultured plant cells. Planta, 152: 32–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bonner, J. 1934. The relation of hydrogen ions to the growth rate of Avena coleoptile. Protoplasma, 21: 406–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brummer, B., I. Potrykus and R. W. Parish. 1984. The roles of cell-wall acidification and proton-pump stimulation in auxin-induced growth studies using monensin. Planta, 162: 345–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cleland, R. E. 1973. Auxin-induced hydrogen ion secretion from Avena coleoptiles. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA., 70: 3092–3093.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cleland, R. E. 1980. Auxin and H+-excretion: the state of our knowledge. In: Plant Growth Substances 1979, F. Skoog (ed.), Springer Verlag, New York, NY USA, pp., 71–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cooper, J. R., and J. E. Varner. 1984. Cross-linking of soluble extensin in isolated cell walls. Plant Physiol., 76: 414–417.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Evans, M. L., and P. M. Ray. 1969. Timing of the auxin response in coleoptiles and its implications regarding auxin action. Gen. Physiol., 53: 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jones, A. M., and L. N. Vanderhoef. 1981. Effect of abrading the cuticle using emery. J. Exptl. Bot., 32: 405–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kazama, H., and M. Katzumi. 1976. Biphasic response of cucumber hypocotyl sections to auxin. Plant Cell Physiol., 17: 467–473.Google Scholar
  11. Key, J. L. 1969. Hormones and nucleic acid metabolism. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol., 20: 449–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Key, J. L. and J. Ingle. 1964. Requirement for the synthesis of DNA-like RNA for growth of excised plant tissue. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA., 52: 1382–1388.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Köhler, K. 1956. Uber die beziehugen zwischen der lange von haferkoleoptilen undd wachstums-geschwindigkeit ihrer isolierten ausschnitte. Planta, 47: 159–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ray, P. M. 1974. The biochemistry of the action of indoleacetic acid on plant growth. Recent Adv. Phytochem., 7: 93–123.Google Scholar
  15. Ray, P. M., and A. W. Ruesink. 1962. Kinetic experiments on the nature of the growth mechanism in oat coleoptile cells. Dev. Biol., 4: 377–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rayle, D. L. 1973. Auxin-induced hydrogen ion secretion Avena coleoptiles and its implications. Planta, 114: 68–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ringold, G. M., K. R. Yamamoto, J. M. Bishop, and H. E. Varmus. 1977. Glucocorticoid-stimulated accumulation of mouse mammary tumor virus RNA: Increased rate of synthesis of viral RNA. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA., 74: 2879–2883.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sakurai, N., D. Nevins, and Y. Masuda. 1977. Auxin and hydrogen ion-induced cell wall loosening and cell extension in Avena coleoptile segments. Plant Cell Physiol., 18: 371–379.Google Scholar
  19. Terry, M. E., and R. L. Jones. 1981. Effect of salt on auxin-induced acidification and growth by pea internode sections. Plant Physiol., 68: 59–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Theologis, A., and P. M. Ray. 1982. Early auxin-regulated polyadenylated mRNA sequences in pea stem tissue. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA., 79: 418–421.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Vanderhoef, L. N. 1980. Auxin-regulated elongation: A summary hypothesis. In: Plant Growth Substances 1979, F. Skoog (ed.) Springer Verlag, New York, NY USA. pp. 90–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vanderhoef, L. N., and T. Kosuge. 1984. Workshop Summary II. The molecular biology of plant hormone action: Research directions for the future. American Society of Plant Physiology. Waverly Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.Google Scholar
  23. Vanderhoef, L. N., and C. A. Stahl. 1975. Separation of two responses to auxin by means of cytokinin inhibition. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA., 72: 1822–1825.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Walker, J. C., and J. L. Key. 1982. Isolation of cloned cDNAs to auxin-responsive poly (A) RNAs of elongating soybean hypocotyl. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA., 79: 7185–7189.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Went, F. W., and K. V. Thimann. 1935. The mechanism of action. In: The Phytohormones, The MacMillan Co., New York, NY, USA., pp. 118–140.Google Scholar
  26. Yamaki, T. 1954. Effect of indoleacetic acid upon oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide fixation and elongation of Avena coleoptile cylinders in the darkness. Sci. Pap. Coli. Gen. Educ. Univ. Tokyo, 4: 129–154.Google Scholar
  27. Zurfluh, L. L., and T. J. Guilfoyle. 1982a. Auxin-induced changes in the population of translatable messenger RNA in elongation sections of soybean hypocotyl. Plant Physiol., 69: 332–337.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zurfluh, L. L., and T. J. Guilfoyle. 1982b. Auxin-induced changes in the population of translatable messenger RNA in elongating maize coleoptile sections. Planta, 156: 525–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht and Agro Botanical Publishers (India). 1987

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations