The Political Dimensions of the Dispute
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In assessing the political dimensions of the Jordan River dispute, one must analyze the political importance of the Jordan River to both the Arabs and the Israelis and the relationship of the dispute to the broader complex of international issues known as the Cold War. The most superficial analysis will reveal that the basic political fact in the dispute is the attempt of each of the disputants to establish a power situation favorable to itself. The Arabs are attempting to increase their power while, at the same time, preventing any increase in Israeli power. Israel, meanwhile, is attempting to maintain the advantage which she already has and, if possible, to add to it. Toward explication of this very general political fact, it is necessary to examine: (1) the advantages, political as well as economic, which are likely to accrue to Israel as a result of the development of the Jordan River waters; (2) the Arab reaction to Israeli plans for Jordan River development in the light of vital Arab interests which might be affected; and finally, (3) the ways in which these issues affect, or are affected by, the wider and more complicated power struggle of the Cold War.
KeywordsMiddle East Political Dimension Arab State Western Power Unify Plan
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