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In the Netherlands

  • H. A. Enno van Gelder

Abstract

What I have called the major Reformation of the 16th century is represented in the Netherlands most clearly by Cassander, Coornhert and Lipsius. They follow one another chronologically in this order and they show in that order an increasing subjection to the influence of the Classics and a reduced need of supernatural salvation in the christian sense. The first of these men is a Christian carrying out humanistic studies, while the third is a humanistic philosopher who is a faithful Christian as well.

Keywords

Human Dignity Religious Idea Religious Matter Western EUROPE True Religion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    For the ideas of the Prince of Orange cf. the article of the present author: “De religieuze ontwikkeling bij de Prins van Oranje”: Nieuw Theologisch Tijdschrift, 1933: 101-148, and of the nobility of his circle cf. the same, Erasmus, schilders en rederijkers (1959): 90 ff.Google Scholar
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    Opera omnia: fo. 894 (Praefatio to Cassander’s Consultatio ad imperatorem Ferdinandum …); fo. 917, 620; — Maria E. Nolte, Georgius Cassander en zijn oecu-menisch streven (1951): 165-168.Google Scholar
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    In order to be able to speak responsibly about this, he learnt Latin: this opened up for him the writings of the Church Fathers (Bonger, op. cit.: 48); during his lifetime he wrote numerous tracts discussing these dogmas in opposition to the theologians of tbe Dutch Reformed Church.Google Scholar
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    See for instance the ideas of a well-known and influential magistrate, father of the famous poet Pieter C. Hooft, in my De levensbeschouwing van Cornelis Pieterszoon Hooft, burgemeester van Amsterdam, 1547-1626 (1918).Google Scholar
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    For the latter two I follow the comprehensive treatment by Jason L. Saunders, Justus Lipsius, the Philosophy of Renaissance Stoicism, 1955.Google Scholar
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    I do not forget Juan and Alonso Valdés, who are foremost in undergoing Erasmus’ influence, but the first emigrated early to Italy and the latter excelled in reproducing and propagating the ideas of the great humanist, without adding much to them. (Bataillon, Erasme en Espagne: chap. VII, VIII).Google Scholar
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  57. 1.
    The present author has treated this subject more elaborately in his recent book: Erasmus, schilders en rederijkers (1959).Google Scholar
  58. 1.
    Cf. the picture in the National Museum, Vienna, reproduced: Max J. Fried-lander, Pieter Bruegel (1927), no. 47.Google Scholar
  59. 1.
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    Fides maxime a nobis conservanda est praecipue in religionem, quia deus prior et potentior est quam homo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Enno van Gelder

There are no affiliations available

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