Evolutionary pathways of karyotypes of the tribe Rupicaprini



Serows (Capricornis), chamois (Rupicapra), gorals (Nemorhaedus) and Rocky Mountain goats (Oreamnos) are all members of the tribe Rupicaprini within the family Bovidae. Ancestral bovines prospered on grassland during the Pliocene epoch 7 million years ago. Rupicaprini appeared in the Pleistocene and were distributed throughout the Eurasian continent. However, the evolutionary paths of today’s species are difficult to trace because fossil records in the mountains are poor. From taxonomic studies of the tribe Rupicaprini on the basis of the skull and skin, Rupicapra, Oreamnos, Capricornis and Nemorhaedus are sufficiently similar to be combined into one tribe. In addition to morphological affinities, genetic comparisons of Capricornis species also confirm the ancestral stocks of the serow lineage.


Chromosome Number Evolutionary Pathway Diploid Number Tandem Fusion Mongolian Gazelle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Benirschke, K., H. Soma and T. Ito. (1972) The chromosomes of the Japanese serow, Capricornis crispus (Temminck). Proc. Japan Acad. 48, 608–12Google Scholar
  2. Dolan, J.M. (1963) Beitrag zur Systematischen Gliederung des Tribes Rupicaprini Simpson. Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutionsforsch. 1, 311–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fischer, H. and H. Höhn. (1972) Der Karyotyp des Serau (Capricornis sumatrensis,Bechstein, 1799). Giess Beitr. Erbpath. Zuchthyg. 4, 8–15Google Scholar
  4. Geist, V. (1983) On the evolution of ice age mammals and its significance to an understanding of speciations. ASB Bulletin 30, 109–33Google Scholar
  5. Gropp, A., D. Giers, R. Fernandez-Donoso, L. Tiepolo and M. Fraccaro. (1970) The chromosomes of the chamois (tribe Rupicaprini Simpson). Cytogenetics 9, 1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Groves, C.P. and P. Grubb (1985) Reclassification of the serow and gorals (Nemorhaedus: Bovidae). In S. Lovari (ed.) The biology and management of mountain ungulates. Croom Helm, London, pp. 45–50Google Scholar
  7. Nadler, C.F., R.S. Hoffmann and A. Woolf (1973) G-band patterns, chromosomal homologies, and evolutionary relationships among wild sheep, goats, and aoudads (Mammalia, Artiodactyla). Experientia 30, 744–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pohle, C. and K. Rodloff. (1985) Gorale im Tierpark Berlin. Milu, Berlin 6, Band 6, Heft 1 /2 161–78Google Scholar
  9. Schaller, G.B. (1977) Mountain monarchs. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill.Google Scholar
  10. Soma, H. and H. Kada. (1984) Evolutionary pathway of chromosomes of the Capricornis. In O.A. Ryder and M.L. Byrd (eds) One Medicine. Springer, Berlin, pp. 109–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Soma, H., H. Kada, K. Matayoshi, T. Kiyokawa, T. Ito, M. Miyashita and K. Nagase. (1980) Some chromosomal aspects of Naemorhedus goral (goral) and Procapra gutturosa (Mongolian gazelle). Proc. Japan Acad. 56B, 273–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Soma, H., H. Kada, K. Matayoshi, M.T. Tsai, T. Kiyokawa, T. Ito, K-P. Wong, B.P.C. Chen and S-C. Tseng. (1981) Cytogenetic similarities between the Formosan serow (Capricornis swinhoei) and the Japanese serow (Capricornis crispus). Proc. Japan Acad. 57, 254–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Soma, H., H. Kada, K. Matayoshi, K. Suzuki, C. Meckvichai, A. Mahannop and B. Vatanaromya. (1982) The chromosomes of the Sumatran serow (Capricornis sumatrensis). Proc. Japan Acad. 58B, 265–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Soma, H., T. Kiyokawa, K. Matayoshi, I. Tarumoto, M. Miyashita and K. Nagase (1979) The chromosomes of the Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa), a rare species of antelope. Proc. Japan Acad. 55B, 6–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Volf, J. (1983) Die Zucht von Goralen (genus Nemorhaedus Smith, 1827) im Zoologischen Garten in Prag. Zool. Garten N.F., Jena 53,354–8Google Scholar
  16. Wurster, D.H. (1972) Sex-chromosome translocation and karyotypes in bovid tribes. Cytogenetics 11: 197, cited in T.C. Hsu and K. Benirschke (1973) An atlas of mammalian chromosomes, Vol. 7. Springer, New York, p. 342Google Scholar
  17. Wurster, D.H. and K. Benirschke. (1968) The chromosomes of the Rocky Mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus). Mamm. Chromo. Newsletter 9, 80–1Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hiroaki Soma 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics & GynaecologyTokyo Medical CollegeShinjuku, Tokyo 160Japan

Personalised recommendations