Marxist-Leninist Scientific Atheism
Because there is no God and the concept of God is but a pathological indicator of man’s alienation in an immoral society, contemporary Marxist-Leninist philosophers do not deem it necessary to pay much attention either to the demonstration of this non-existence or to the refutation of proofs to the contrary. Their attitude is a combination of ‘socialist indifference’ (it is destined to disappear, anyway) and ‘revolutionary activism’ (but, the Party requires that one fight it), and their mode of argumentation shows it. There are three principal areas of proof and disproof: the via negativa is made up of a quasi-systematic affirmation of the impossibility of the properties and functions traditionally assigned to the Supreme Being, with a rather off-hand use of pseudo-scientific data; the via positiva is a simplified presentation of the Feuerbach-Marx argument from alienation; the via negationis consists of counter-proofs, each of which is to counter one of the traditional philosophic proofs for the existence of God.
KeywordsMaterial Reality Material World Historical Materialism Logical Knowledge Dialectical Materialism
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- 1.For a bibliographical and doxological introduction, see T. J. Blakeley, ‘Scientific Atheism: An Introduction’, SST IV,4 (1964) 277–295, and ‘Soviet Writings on Atheism and Religion’, ibid., 319–38.Google Scholar
- 2.Kratkij naucno-ateisticeskij slovar’, Moskva, 1964. The editor-in-chief is I. P. Camerjan.Google Scholar
- 3.The best description is to be found in P. Cerkasin: Gnoseologiceskie korni idealizma (The Epistemological Roots of Idealism), Moskva, 1961.238 str. See also the bibliography cited in note 1.Google Scholar
- 4.Cf. T. J. Blakeley, Soviet Theory of Knowledge, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1964, 203 pp.Google Scholar