Skip to main content

The Packaging Process: A Segment of Manufacturing Operations

  • Chapter
  • 232 Accesses

Abstract

Packaging is a way to protect the product and facilitate marketing and distribution to manufacturers, distributors, and consumers. The process of bringing product and package together is usually the last step of the product manufacturing operation, although assembling packages within other packages or further units often follows product packaging.

Keywords

  • Packaging Material
  • Primary Package
  • Packaging Process
  • Vacuum Power
  • Packaging Machine

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Look at your spending, not with the purpose of eliminating it, but with the purpose of finding ways to spend the same amount to create more value.

Louis L. Allen (1972).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-011-7382-7_6
  • Chapter length: 37 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-011-7382-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  • Almarker, C. A., and Wallenberg, E. 1970. Aspects of the developments of packaging machines in the seventies. Verpack Rundsch. 21, 1614, 1618. (German)

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. Your computer gives you instant line management—Four ways. Package Eng. 14 (11), 78–83

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. Form-fill-seal unit can package four liquids at once. Packaging News 16 (10), 28–29.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. Fluidic controls—What they can do for you. Mod. Mater. Handling 24 (5), 78–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. Code marks you can’t see on the package! Mod. Mater. Handling 24 (9), 60–63.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. At Tunis—Airfilm conveyors channel a multiproduct flow. Mod Mater. Handling 24 (10), 80–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. Machinery in motion. Mod. Packaging 42 (10), 124.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. Wave of the furture takes shape. Mod. Packaging 42 (10), 154–157.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1969. Successful cartoning machinery installation. Bottler Packer 43 (10), 96.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1970. Packaging standardization and rationalization. Packaging Technol. 16 (110), xxxvii–xl.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1970. Breakthrough for automated processes. Mech. Handling 57 (1), 5.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1970. The End of the packaging line—Equipment to Keep the Flow Tidy. Mech. Handling 57 (1), 47–50, 53–54.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1970. Filling—A major packaging operation. Packaging Rev. 90 (3), 36–37.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1970. Automated packaging is paying high return. Candy Ind. 134 (7), 3, 41.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1971. Printing and packaging. Packag. Rev. 91 (6), 35–37, 39, 41–44, 46, 76.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1971. Filling and weighing systems. Packag. Rev. 91 (8), 17–18, 20, 23–26. 28, 30, 36.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1971. Labelling, printing, and decorating. Mod. Packag. 44 (4), 128, 129, 134, 136.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1973. Focus on: Filling and crowning. Int. Bottler Packer 47 (5), 86, 88, 90–92, 94.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1973. Injection-blow molding finds the way to bigger parts. Mod. Plastics Int. 3 (4), 14–17.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1973. Blowmolded containers—Trends and developments. Packaging 44 (520), 27–28, 30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1973. Thermoforming and its packaging applications. Packaging 44 (520), 52–53.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1974. A technical review of folding box-gluers. Folding Carton Ind. 1 (3), 17–18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1974. Thermoforming—A new molding technique. Mod. Plastics Int. 4 (7), 45.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1975. Bag packaging system. Can. Packag. 28 (11), 45.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1976. Wrapping, cartoning and casing. Innovations. Food Process. Ind. 45 (531), 19–41.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1976. Blow molds. Plast. Technol. 22 (7), 83.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1976. Heat-seals new and old: Same troubles, novel methods. Paper Film Foil Converter 50 (3), 38–40.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1976. Inks for flexible packaging. Print Trades J. (1067), 32.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1976E. Bottling, packing, and shrinkwrapping. Int. Bottler Packer 50 (2), 59–60, 62–63.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1978. Package printing. Can. Packag. 31 (12), 18–21.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1978. Thermoforming: More than ever a distinctive package. Package Eng. 23 (5), 45–48.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1979. Cutting, creasing, stripping, and separating. Folding Carton Ind. 6 (1), 27–28, 30, 32, 35–36, 38, 40, 42.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1979. Recent ice cream developments. Dairy Ind. 44 (1), 13–15.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1980. Loading and marking. Packaging 51 (604), 22–29. 32, 33, 36.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1980. Tinplate, tin printing, container, making, canning, packaging. Tin Int. 53 (5), 202, 204.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1982. Injection molding. Mod. Plastics Int. 12 (4), 48–50.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1982. Extrusion. Mod. Plastics Inc. 12 (4), 51–54.

    Google Scholar 

  • Anon. 1982. Filling, capping, and labelling developments. Int. Bottler Packer 56 (8), 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 48, 50–56.

    Google Scholar 

  • BRADSHAW, J. H. 1982. U. H.T. and Aseptic packaging. Cult. Dairy Prod. J. 17 (1), 13–16.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brody, A. L. 1970. Flexible Packaging of Food. CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brody, A. L., and Milgrom, J. 1974. Packaging in Perspective. Ad Hoc Committee on Packaging, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brody, A. L. 1980. New Trends in Food Packaging. Institute of Food Technologists, Eastern Editorial Conference, Savannah, Georgia.

    Google Scholar 

  • BRODY, A.L. 1982. Storage of Cereal Grains and Their Products. American Association of Cereal Chemists, St. Paul, Minnesota.

    Google Scholar 

  • Buchman, H. 1969. How to mechanize a line for a problem package. Package Eng. 14 (12), 80–83.

    Google Scholar 

  • Buffa, E. S., 1963. Modern Production Management. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Burns, J. P. 1976. Extrusion blow and injection blow: A role for both in rigid container processing. Plast. Des. Process. 16 (5), 10–13.

    Google Scholar 

  • Byrd, B. E., 1968. Cleaning glass for food and beverage use. Proc. Seminar Food Packaging Systems Using Glass, Univ. of California.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carr, J. H., 1969. Strength and usage performance of corrugated containers. Packaging Technol. 15 (109), 11–12.

    Google Scholar 

  • Crowe, T. H. 1969. Gas-atmosphere preservation. Mod. Packaging 42 (10), 124.

    Google Scholar 

  • Davis, C. G. 1880. Coding, marking, inprinting: A re-review of methods. Package Dev. Syst. 10 (2), 28–33.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dean, D. A. 1970. Considerations in the use of plastics containers for packaging liquid cosmetics. Packaging Technol. 16 (111), 10–17.

    Google Scholar 

  • Eckert, G. 1970. Starting an integrated packaging line for liquids, I. Verpackung. 11 (1), 8–11 (German)

    Google Scholar 

  • Eckert, G. 1970. Starting an integrated packaging line for liquids, II. Verpakung. 11 (2), 47–51 (German)

    Google Scholar 

  • Faulkner, H. G. 1970. Logical network planning. Environmental Eng. (47), 1018.

    Google Scholar 

  • Flatman, D. J. 1970. Shrinkpackaging—The method and materials. Packaging 41 (479), S3–S6, S9–S10, S13–S14.

    Google Scholar 

  • Foster, T. V. 1973. The future of forming. Glass Technol. 14 (6), 157–162.

    Google Scholar 

  • Friedman, W., and Kipnees, J. 1977. Distribution Packaging. Krieger Publishing, Huntington, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Goff, J. W. 1968. A Study of the Potential for In-Plant Package Manufacturing Machinery, H. N. Brooks and J. R. Hendee (editors) Mich. State University.

    Google Scholar 

  • HAAK, F. J. 1970. The importance of check-weighing for the industrial large package. Verpack. Rundsch. 21, 506–512. (German)

    Google Scholar 

  • Hallifax, J. 1970. Problems of labelling at speed. Int. Brewers J. 106 (1252), 7277.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hanlon, J. F. 1984. Handbook of Package Engineering. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Harper, C. A. 1976. What you should know about plastic processing. Chem. Eng. 83 (10), 100–114.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hartley, P. 1973. Stapling and strapping for packaging applications. Packag. Technol. 19 (129), 8, 10, 12, 14.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heiss, R. 1970. Principles of Food Packaging. An International Guide. P. Keppler Verlag, KG., Heusenstamm, Germany.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jackaman, E. J. 1976. Guide to blister packaging and vacuum forming. Print Buyer 10 (7), 46–52.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jaspert, W. P. 1969. Systems Approach to Packaging Production. Flexography 14 (12), 16, 45.

    Google Scholar 

  • Johnston, G., and Groom, E. J. 1970. A thousand dozen flagons. Engineering 209, 338–341.

    Google Scholar 

  • Karel, M. 1973A. Recent research and development in the field of low-moisture and intermediate-moisture foods. CRC Crit. Rev. Food Technol. 3, 329.

    Google Scholar 

  • Karel, M. 1973B. Quantitative analysis of food packaging and storage problems. AIChE Symp. Ser. 69 (132), 107.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kelsey, R. J. 1978. Packaging in Today’s Society. St. Regis Paper Co. New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koch, R. H. 1970. Bottling line efficiency—A myth? Brewers Dig. 45 (1), 54–56.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lopez, A. 1981. A Complete Course in Canning. The Canning Trade, Baltimore, Maryland.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lovett, W. 1969. Old plant revitalized by conveyor system. Boxboard Container 77 (4), 605–615, 685, 705, 725, 765.

    Google Scholar 

  • Making, H., and Berry, R. S. 1973. Consumer Goods. A Thermodynamic Analysis of Packaging, Transport and Storage. Illinois Institute for Environmental Quality, Urbana, Illinois.

    Google Scholar 

  • McDonald, D. P. 1972. Developments in the filling of liquid and powder products. Manuf. Chem. Aerosol News 43 (7), 31–32, 35–36.

    Google Scholar 

  • McGillan, D., and Neacy, T. 1964A. Choosing machinery for flexible packaging. Part I. Vertical and horizontal form, fill and seal controlled atmosphere, and preformed bags and pouches. Package Eng. 9 (1), 69–76.

    Google Scholar 

  • McGillan, D., and Neacy, T. 1964B. Choosing machinery for flexible packaging. Part II. Overwrapping, direct or intimate wrapping and vacuum form, fill and seal. Package Eng. 9 (2), 82–88.

    Google Scholar 

  • McGillan, D., and Neacy, T. 1964C. Choosing machinery for flexible packaging. Part III. Conclusion, package closing, heat sealing and choosing the right machine. Package Eng. 9 (3), 74–79.

    Google Scholar 

  • Miller, W. 1977. Technology of plastics processing. Pop. Plast. 21 (9), 30–31.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mitchell, E. L. 1968. Proc. Seminar Filling, Closing and Thermal Procedures and Machines. Metal Cans for Food Packaging, Univ. of California.

    Google Scholar 

  • Moody, B. E. 1963. Packaging in Glass. Hutchinson, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paine, F. A. 1963. Fundamentals of Packaging. Blackie & Sons, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paine, F. A. 1967. Packaging Materials and Containers. Blackie & Sons, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Payne, H. 1969. Conveyors solve producton problems on the finishing line. Boxboard Container 77 (4), 789, 809, 825.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pike, E. H. 1976. Progress in thermoforming. Packag. Technol. 22 (141), 5–6.

    Google Scholar 

  • Regnier, W. D. 1968. Proper conveyor, machine, and machine component design for abuse-free handling of the glass container on the production line. Proc. Seminar Food Packaging Systems Using Glass, Univ. of California.

    Google Scholar 

  • Russo, J. R. 1969. Better system for bag-in-box packaging. Food Eng. 41 (10), 8486.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1970. The candy manufacturer can choose his shrink film from several types. Candy Snack Ind. 134 (7), 9, 18.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1970. Heat sealing of plastic films. Adhes. Age 13 (9), 8–9.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1970. Heat sealing of plastic films—Part II. Adhes. Age 13 (10), 8.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1970. Heat sealing of plastic films—Part III. Adhes. Age 13 (11), 8, 10.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1971. Packaging system, what type for your product? Food Eng. 43 (3), 169, 171–172, 175–176.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1972. Methods for proper heat sealing of plastic films. Flexography 17 (4), 14–16, 41–43.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1976. Handbook of Package Materials. AVI Publishing Co., Westport, Connecticut.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1976. Packaging Regulations. AVI Publishing Co., Westport, Connecticut.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1978. A Packaging Primer. Magazines for Industry, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1980. A Guide to Packaging Machinery. Magazines for Industry, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. 1980. Filling—Key to profitable packaging. Austr. Packag. 28 (5), 107–109.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S. and Griffin, R. 1973. Basic Guide to Plastics in Packaging. Cahners, Boston.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sacharow, S., and Griffin, R. C., Jr. 1981. Food Packaging. AVI Publishing Co., Westport, Connecticut.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schaefer, A. R. 1968. The Labeling Machine. Proc. Seminar Food Packaging Systems Using Glass, Univ. of California.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scheiner, L. L. 1978. Thermoforming: A hot bed of activity. Mod. Packag. 51 (8), 41–45.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schultz, G. A. 1970. Analyze process flow in packaging department for space and labour economies. Candy Ind. 134 (6), 9–10.

    Google Scholar 

  • Simms, W. 1981. Modern Packaging Encyclopedia. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Valyi, E. 1971. Injection blow molding—a review. SPE J. 27 (1), 44–48.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weiss, G. 1980. Labelling: Simpler, safer, and faster. Can. Packag. 33 (2), 11–14.

    Google Scholar 

  • Whitaker, W. C. 1971. Processing flexible pouches. Mod. Packag. 44 (2), 83–85

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson, B. 1982. Labels and labelling. Packaging 53 (629), 16–30.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1985 Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc.

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Griffin, R.C., Sacharow, S., Brody, A.L. (1985). The Packaging Process: A Segment of Manufacturing Operations. In: Principles of Package Development. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-7382-7_6

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-7382-7_6

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-011-7384-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-011-7382-7

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive