The detection of pollution and its effects are not always straightforward. Going back to the definition of pollution in the previous chapter, it is necessary firstly to prove that there is damage to or some degree of impairment of beneficial use to the system. Secondly there has to be proof that the damage or impairment was caused by some anthropogenic input, and this direct cause/effect link has in many cases been extremely difficult (and long and costly) to prove (see for example the mercury poisoning case at Minimata in Chapter Three). In this chapter we shall look at some of the ways of detecting and monitoring pollution and quantifying its effects by the use of indices where possible.
KeywordsPyruvate Kinase Pollutant Load Pollution Index Pollution Effect Pollution Load Index
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