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Dependence Liability of Benzodiazepines in Humans

  • John Marks

Abstract

An attempt has been made to determine the dependence liability that exists in practice in the case of the benzodiazepines. The existence of such a dependence liability and the extent of the dependence risk has been assessed in four ways:
  1. 1.

    Deliberate experiments in humans to provoke physical dependence.

     
  2. 2.

    Ex cathedra statements from those working directly in the field of drug abuse.

     
  3. 3.

    A critical analysis of the published reports of psychological and physical dependence arising in either an abuse or a therapeutic situation.

     
  4. 4.

    Large-scale surveys of groups of patients.

     

Keywords

Physical Dependence Withdrawal Reaction Dependence Risk Multiple Drug Abuse Psychological Dependence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© John Marks 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Marks
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical StudiesGirton CollegeCambridgeUK

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