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Crassula helmsii: attempts at elimination using herbicides

  • F. H. Dawson
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 120)

Abstract

The high resistance to control by herbicides of stands of the aggressively-invasive water plant Crassula helmsii (Australian swamp stone crop or New Zealand Pygmy Weed, also sold as Tillaea recurva) was shown during a series of tank and field trials aimed at: firstly, selecting the most appropriate UK-approved herbicide showed that diquat, either directly or in alginate form was effective on submerged plants particularly at low biomass, whereas for emergent stands, although glyphosate was initially selected as effective, diquat was subsequently recommended; secondly, the efficacy of the herbicides selected under a range of conditions of biomass, season of application and, particularly, field conditions showed that whilst low biomasses could be controlled and the plant could probably be eliminated, elevated or multiple applications would be necessary at the very high biomasses (up to 45 kg fresh weight per m2) achieved by this plant, unless the bulk of the biomass could be physically reduced prior to herbicide application; further trials were considered necessary to meet legal current constraints.

Key words

Aquatic plant control Crassula helmsii elimination attempts herbicides 

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References

  1. Cooke, A. S. (ed.), 1986. The use of herbicides on nature reserves. Focus on Nature Conservation Series 14. Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough, 80 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Dawson, F. H., 1988. The alien aquatic Crassula helmsii continues to expand its distribution in Britain. BSBI News 49: 43.Google Scholar
  3. Dawson, F. H., 1989. Some attempts at the control of the alien aquatic Crassula helmsii (T. Kirk) Cockayne. BSBI News 51: 46.Google Scholar
  4. Dawson F. H., & E. A. Warman, 1987. Crassula helmsii; is it an aggressive alien aquatic plant in Britain? Environmental Conservation 42: 247–272.Google Scholar
  5. Dawson, F. H., 1994. The spread of Crassula helmsii (Kirk) Cockayne in Britain. In L. de Waal, L. Child, P. M. Wade & J. H. Brock (eds). J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester: Ecoloy & Management of Invasive Riverside Plants: 1–14.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. H. Dawson
    • 1
  1. 1.NERC Institute of Freshwater EcologyRiver LaboratoryEast StokeUK

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