Advertisement

Nuclear Matter

  • Alex Sitenko
  • Victor Tartakovskii
Chapter
  • 438 Downloads
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 84)

Abstract

Dimensions of nuclei and the density distribution inside nuclei. The spatial structure of atomic nuclei, which are composite particles consisting of simpler particles, namely, neutrons and protons, is determined by the spatial structure of the neutrons and protons and by the nature of the interaction between them. As we have already mentioned, a distinguishing feature of nuclei is the fact that they have sharply defined boundaries. Since the nuclear interaction between nucleons is much stronger than the Coulomb interaction, the dimensions of nuclei and the distribution of the nucleons inside them are mainly determined by the nuclear forces. Because of the charge independence of the nuclear forces, the spatial distributions of neutrons and protons inside nuclei are almost identical. A certain increase of the volume occupied by the protons, due to the Coulomb repulsion, is matched by approximately the same increase of the volume occupied by the neutrons, arising from the increase in the number of excess neutrons with increasing nuclear charge. Therefore, it is usually assumed that the dimensions of the nucleus are determined with very good accuracy by the distribution of the charge density.

Keywords

Wave Function Nuclear Matter Symmetry Energy Nuclear Force Giant Dipole Resonance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Balbutsev, E.B., Dymarz, R., Mikhailov, I.N. and Vaishvila, Z. (1981) Phys. Lett, 105 B, 84.ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Bethe, H.A. (1947) Elementary Nuclear Theory, Wiley, N.Y.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Bethe, H.A. and Bacher, R.F. (1936) Rev. Mod. Phys. 8, 82.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bethe, H.A. and Goldstone, J. (1957) Proc. Roy. Soc. A 238, 551.MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Blatt, J.M. and Weisskopf, V.F. (1952) Theoretical Nuclear Physics, Wiley, N.Y.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Bogolyubov, N.N. (1958) Dokl Akad. Nauk SSSR 119, 224.Google Scholar
  7. Brown, G.E. (1967) Unified Theory of Nuclear Models and Forces,North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  8. Brueckner, K. (1959) “Theory of nuclear matter” (p. 49 in The Many-body Problem, ed. C. De Witt, Wiley, N.Y.).Google Scholar
  9. Eisenberg J.M. and Greiner W., (1970) Nuclear Theory. Vol. 1. North-Holland Publishing Compani, Amsterdam, London.Google Scholar
  10. Eisenberg J.M. and Greiner W., (1972) Nuclear Theory. Vol. 3. North-Holland Publishing Compani, Amsterdam, London.Google Scholar
  11. Elton, L. R. B. (1961) Nuclear Sizes, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gomes, L., Walecka, J. D. and Weiskopf, V. F. (1953); Ann. Phys.. (N.Y.) 3, 241.ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Green, A.E.S. (1955) Nuclear Physics, MeGraw-Hill, London.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. Hayakawa, S., Kawai, M. and Kikuchi, K. (1955) Progr. Theor. Phys. 13, 415.ADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Heisenberg, W. (1932) Z. Phys. 77, 1.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Van Hove, L. (1954) Phys. Rev. 95, 249.ADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hofstadter, R. (1956) Rev. Mod. Phys. 28, 214.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kolomietz, V.M. and Tang Henry, H.K. (1981) Physica Scripta 24, 915.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Landau, L.D. (1937) Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 7, 819 (translation in the Collected Papers of L.D.Landau, Peragamon Press, Oxford, 1965).zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. Lane A.M. (1964) Nuclear Theory, W.A. Benjamin, New York, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  21. Lax, M., (1951) Rev. Mod. Phys. 23, 287.MathSciNetADSzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lee, T.D. and Yang, C.N. (1957) Phys. Rev. 105, 1119.MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. March, N.H., Young W.H. and Sampanthar S. (1976) The Many-Body Problem in Quantum Mechanics. Cambridge, At the University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Sitenko, A.G. (1962) Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 43, 319 [Sov. Phys. - JETP 16, 228 (1962)]Google Scholar
  25. Solov’ev, V.G. (1971) Theory of Composed Nuclei, Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  26. Wigner, E and Settz, F. (1933) Phys. Rev., 43, 804.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex Sitenko
    • 1
  • Victor Tartakovskii
    • 2
  1. 1.Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUkrainian Academy of SciencesKievUkraine
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsTaras Shevchenko UniversityKievUkraine

Personalised recommendations