Nucleons and Nuclear Forces

  • Alex Sitenko
  • Victor Tartakovskii
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 84)


Main characteristics of nuclei. Atomic nuclei are characterized by definite masses and electric charges. The charge of an atomic nucleus q is equal to minus the multiple of the absolute value of the electron charge -e, i.e.,
$$q = Ze.$$
The integer Z determines the position of the atom in the periodic table, it is called the atomic number. Nuclei with the same charge but different masses are called isotopes. Taking 12 to be the mass of the most abundant carbon isotope, one finds all the nuclear masses to be nearly integers. The integer A that is the closest to the mass value is referred to as the mass number of the nucleus.


Elastic Scattering Singlet State Total Angular Momentum Nuclear Interaction Nuclear Force 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alex Sitenko
    • 1
  • Victor Tartakovskii
    • 2
  1. 1.Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUkrainian Academy of SciencesKievUkraine
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsTaras Shevchenko UniversityKievUkraine

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