Reports from IAU Commission 49

  • U. Mall
  • K. Scherer
  • V. Bothmer
  • Michael K. Bird
  • Hans J. Fahr
  • N. F. Cramer
  • Frank Verheest
Part of the International Council of Scientific Unions / International Astronomical Union / Union Astronomique Internationale book series (IAUT, volume 23A)


Solar wind ion composition measurements are a unique tool to investigate solar system processes, ranging from the solar interior out to the heliospheric boundary. Compositional changes in the solar wind, which originates in the outer convective zone (OCZ) of the Sun, are produced in the transport of solar matter from the OCZ to the solar corona and in the process of lifting the coronal plasma out of the solar gravitational field up to the termination shock and beyond. During the last three years instrumentation originally designed to measure the composition of the solar wind has detected further pick-up ion species in the solar wind and thereby strongly motivated pick-up ion related research. This review therefore puts particular emphasis on pick-up ion observations and their theoretical interpretation.


Solar Wind Coronal Hole Flux Rope Solar Energetic Particle Termination Shock 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Mall
    • 1
  • K. Scherer
    • 1
  • V. Bothmer
    • 2
  • Michael K. Bird
    • 3
  • Hans J. Fahr
    • 4
  • N. F. Cramer
    • 5
  • Frank Verheest
    • 6
  1. 1.Max-Planck Institut fuer AeronomieKatlenburg-LindauGermany
  2. 2.Institut f. Reine u. Angewandte KernphysikUniversity of KielKielGermany
  3. 3.Radio Astronomy InstituteUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  4. 4.Institute for Astrophysics and Extraterrestrial ResearchUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  5. 5.School of PhysicsThe University of SydneyAustralia
  6. 6.Sterrenkundig ObservatoriumUniversiteit GentGentBelgium

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