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Phosphorus release in Lake Großer Müggelsee and its implications for lake restoration

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Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY,volume 119)

Abstract

The shallow, hypertrophic L. Großer Müggelsee, Germany, needs to be converted into a meso- to eutrophic level by means of restoration of the catchment area. Despite efforts in phosphorus (P) loading reduction in the inflow, this polymictic lake still demonstrates an year-to-year fluctuating and strong internal P loading with increasing pore-water phosphate concentrations during summer due to formation of anoxic microlayers at the sediment surface. This P release is indirectly governed by external factors including the supply of dissolved oxygen and nitrate via inflow (high runoff), changes in land use (e.g., decreasing nitrogen fertilization) and climatic factors, and is facilitated by wind-induced rapid changes of stratification and mixing events. Important management implications are: first, declines in nitrate concentrations in the inflow may result in depletion of electron acceptors with respect to phosphate desorption and increase the P release. Second, the P release will continue for a long period and thus delay the recovery of the lake. In dredging the uppermost 1 m sediment layer, the P content of the sediment would decrease from 3.5 to between 0.5 and 1.0 mg P g dry weight–1 and result in reduced capability of internal P loading. Because of the high costs, a decision should be made about dredging or whether the limnological improvement of the lake can be achieved via dephosphorization between 11 and 16 years.

Key words

  • shallow lake
  • phosphorus release
  • lake restoration
  • dissolved oxygen
  • nitrate
  • dredging

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Kleeberg, A., Kozerski, HP. (1997). Phosphorus release in Lake Großer Müggelsee and its implications for lake restoration. In: Kufel, L., Prejs, A., Rybak, J.I. (eds) Shallow Lakes ’95. Developments in Hydrobiology, vol 119. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-5648-6_2

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