Significance of subfossile chironomid remains in classification of shallow lakes

  • Klaus P. Brodersen
  • Claus Lindegaard
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 119)


The relative species composition of subfossile chironomid headcapsules in surface sediments from ten shallow Danish lakes of different trophic status were analysed through similarity indices and multidimensional scaling. It was possible to distinguish between high and low productivity lakes by means of subfossile remains. The low productivity shallow lakes (TP< 150 μg P 1_1) were characterised by the taxa Psectrocladius, Pseudochironomus, Microtendipes and Pentaneurini. The high productivity lakes (TP>150 μg P 1_1) show similarities to littoral communities in eutrophic stratified lakes and are represented by genera such as Cricotopus, Procladius, Microchironomusand Chironomus. In surface samples from Lake Stigsholm subfossile species composition was compared with species composition in samples of trapped adult midges and samples of living larvae. The relative species composition between the three sample types varied considerably. Samples of living larvae showed a high degree of variation within the lake while surface sediment samples of subfossile chironomid remains seemed to be a persistent and reliable tool in classification of shallow lakes.

Key words

Chironomidae macroinvertebrate paleoecology shallow lakes benthic communities 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus P. Brodersen
    • 1
  • Claus Lindegaard
    • 1
  1. 1.Freshwater Biological LaboratoryUniversity of CopenhagenHillerødDenmark

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