Ices in the Giant Planets

  • M. Podolak
  • W. B. Hubbard
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 227)


Interior models show that Jupiter and Saturn consist mostly of free hydrogen and helium, while Uranus and Neptune consist mostly of material with a zero-pressure density near 1 g cm−3. The dominant material in Uranus and Neptune is almost certainly ice, while models imply that Jupiter and Saturn each contain roughly one Uranus or Neptune mass of non-hydrogen-helium material which is probably ice. Although the ice component of the giant planets is largely inaccessible to direct observation, a considerable body of indirect evidence suggests that these four planets contain the largest reservoirs of ice in the planetary system.


Giant Planet Solar Nebula Hydrogen Equation Outer Planet Metallic Hydrogen 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Podolak
    • 1
  • W. B. Hubbard
    • 2
  1. 1.Tel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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