Microwave Properties of Ice and Snow

  • Christian Matzler
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 227)


The polar ice sheets and glacier ice contain the majority of the terrestrial water-ice mass. Snow, the freshly precipitated form of ice, covers, to a variable degree, very large parts of the terrestrial surface during the winter season. These icy bodies possess spectral and polarimetric signatures in the microwave range which are suitable for both active (radar) and passive (radiometric) remote sensing. The signatures are related to the special dielectric properties on the one hand, and on the other, to the characteristic structural behavior, ranging from microscopic to macroscopic scale, and being different for different parts of the cryosphere.


Dielectric Property Microwave Signature Effective Permittivity Microwave Property Depolarization Factor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Matzler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied PhysicsUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

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