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A Continuous Model for Ziegler-Natta Polymerization

  • D. Andreucci
  • A. Fasano
  • R. Ricci
Conference paper
Part of the Solid Mechanics and Its Applications book series (SMIA, volume 66)

Abstract

Our purpose here is the construction of a mathematical model for the phenomenon of polymerization in a Ziegler-Natta reactor. In this device a gaseous monomer diffuses through an agglomerate of catalytic particles. The process of polymerization takes place on the surface of each particle, so that a polymeric layer grows around it. The growth of such layers is affected, among other factors, by the local concentration of monomer, so that equations describing the expansion of the polymeric layer must be coupled with a diffusion equation for the monomer. Moreover that polymerization releases heat, so that an energy equation, determining temperature, is to be included in the model too. In fact, this is one of the most interesting features of the phenomenon, because the polymerization rate is affected by temperature; moreover, if the polymer becomes too hot, it may partially melt, thereby preventing the monomeric gas from reaching the catalyst surface (see [4]). Of course one tries to avoid the last occurrence.

Keywords

Diffusion Equation Catalytic Site Free Boundary Problem Polymerization Rate Porous Matrix 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    D. Andreucci, A. Fasano, R. Ricci, On the growth of a polymer layer around a catalytic particle: a free boundary problem, to appear in Nonlinear Diff. Eq. Appl..Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Andreucci, A. Fasano, R. Ricci, A continuous model for the heterogeneos Ziegler-Natta polymerization, Quad. Dip. Mat. Univ. Milano 29/1996.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N.A. Dotson, R. Galvan, R.L. Laurence, M. Tirrell, Polymerization process modeling, VCH Publishers, Cambridge, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.L. Laurence, M.G. Chiovetta Heat and mass transfer during olefin polymerization from the gas phase, Polymer Reaction Engng, K.H. Reichert and W. Geiseler eds, Hanser (Munich), 1983, pp. 73–112.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Andreucci
    • 1
  • A. Fasano
    • 2
  • R. Ricci
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Metodi e Modelli MatematiciUniversità La SapienzaRomaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di MatematicaUniversità di FirenzeFirenzeItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di MatematicaUniversità di MilanoMilanoItaly

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