Advertisement

Perception of Sound, Rhythm and Speech from Pre-Natal to Post-Natal Life

Chapter
  • 97 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to present recent research, carried by ourselves and others, on the development of capacities for language acquisition during prenatal and postnatal life. Finding out which sounds reach the foetus and newborn first and most frequently and discovering how these stimuli influence their sensitivities and abilities can lead to a better understanding of the latter. Moreover, we can gain insights into the processes underlying these capacities and the ways in which they constitute the basis of early cognitive processes.

Keywords

Speech Perception Mother Tongue Acoustic Stimulus Postnatal Life Cardiac Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anand, K. J. S., Phil, D. & Hichey, P. R. (1988). Pain and its effects in the human neonate fetus. Pre-and Peri-natal Psychology, 3, 103–123.Google Scholar
  2. Berg van den, B. R. H. (1990). The influence of maternal emotions during pregnancy on fetal and neonatal behavior. Pre-and Peri-natal Psychology, 5, 119–130.Google Scholar
  3. Bertoncini, J. (1993). Infants’ perception of speech units: Primary representation capacities. In B. de Boysson-Bardies, S. de Schonen, P. Jusczyk, P. Mcneilage & J. Morton (Eds.), Developmental neurocognition: Speech and face processing in the first year of life (pp. 249–257). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Bertoncini, J., Bijeljac-Babic, R., Jusczyk, P. W., Kennedy, L. & Mehler, J. (1988). An investigation of young infants’ perceptual representations of speech sounds. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General., 117, 21–33.Google Scholar
  5. Bertoncini, J., Floccia, C., Nazzi, T., Miyagishima, K. & Mehler, J. (1995). Morae and syllables: Rhythmical basis of speech representation in neonates. Language and Speech, 38, 311–329.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Best, C. T. (1993). Emergence of language-specific constraints in perception of non-native speech: A window on early phonological development. In B. de Boysson-Bardies, S. de Schonen, P. Jusczyk, P. Mcneilage & J. Morton (Eds.), Developmental neurocognition: Speech and face processing in the first year of life (pp. 289–304). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Bijeljac-Babic, R., Bertoncini, J. & Mehler, J. (1993). How do four-day-old infants categorize multisyllabic utterances? Developmental Psychology, 29, 711–721.Google Scholar
  8. Birnholz, J. C. & Benacerraf, B. B. (1983). The development of the human fetal hearing. Science, 222, 516–518.Google Scholar
  9. Brazelton, T. B. (1973). Neonatal behavioral assessment scale. London: Simp, Heinemann.Google Scholar
  10. Callegati, I., Farneti, A. & Tuozzi, G. (1990). Rilevazioni a carattere psicofisiologico. In Camaioni, L. & Simion, F. (Eds.), Metodi di ricerca in psicologia dello sviluppo. Bologna: Il Mulino.Google Scholar
  11. Callegati, I., Farneti, A., Tuozzi, G. & Giovanelli, G. (1992). Psicofiologia neonatale: problemi teorici, metodologici e operativi. In D. Palomba (ed.), Indici fisiologici in psicologia (pp. 221–237). Padova: Cleup.Google Scholar
  12. Changeux, J. P. & Danchin, A. (1974). Apprendre par stabilisation sélective de synapses en cours de dé veloppe-ment. In E. Morin & M. Piattelli-Palmarini (Eds.), L’unit’ de l’homme (pp.58–88). Paris: Le Seuil.Google Scholar
  13. Cheour-Luhtanen, M., Alho, K., Sainio, K., Rinne, T., Reinikainen, K., Pohjavuori, M., Renlund, M., Aaltonen, 0., Eerola, O. & Naatanen, R. (1996). The ontogenetically earliest discriminative response of the human brain. Psychophysiology, 33,478–481.Google Scholar
  14. Clarkson, M. G., Swain, I. U., Clifton, R. K. & Cohen, K. (1991). Newborns’ head orientation toward trains of brief sounds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 89, 2411–2420.Google Scholar
  15. Clopton, B. M. (1986). Neural correlates of development and plasticity in the auditory, somatosensory and olfactory systems. In W. T. Greenough & J. M. Juraska (Eds.), Developmental neuropsychobiology (pp. 256–278). London:Academic Press.Google Scholar
  16. Cooper, R. P. & Aslin, R. N. (1990). Preference for infant directed speech in the first month after birth. Child Development, 61, 1584–1595.Google Scholar
  17. DeCasper, A. J. (1996). Newborn operant learning informs us about prenatal language development and learning. Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 84.Google Scholar
  18. DeCasper, A. J. & Fifer, W. P. (1980). Of human bonding: Newborns prefer their mother’ s voices. Science, 208, 1174–1176.Google Scholar
  19. DeCasper, A. J. & Sigafoos, A. D. (1983). The intrauterine heartbeat: A potent reinforcer for newborns. Infant Behavior and Development, 6, 19–25.Google Scholar
  20. DeCasper, A. J. & Spence, M. J. (1986). Prenatal maternal speech influences newborns’ perception of speech sounds. Infant Behavior and Development, 9, 133–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. DeCasper, A. J., Lecanuet, J. P., Busnel, M. C., Granier-Deferre, C. & Maugeais, R. (1994). Fetal reactions to recurrent maternal speech. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 159–164.Google Scholar
  22. Doussard-Roosevelt, J., Porges, S. W. & McClenny, B. D. (1996). Behavioral sleep states in very low birth preterm neonates: Relation to neonatal health and vagal maturation. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 21, 785–802.Google Scholar
  23. Dreyfus Brisac, C. (1979). Ontogenesis of brain bioelectrical activity and sleep organisation in neonates and infants. In F. Falkner & J.M. Tanner (Eds.), Human growth (n. 3, pp 157–182). New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Ebbesson, S. O. E. (1984). Evolution and ontogeny of neural circuits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7, 321–326.Google Scholar
  25. Echols, C. H. (1993). A perceptually-based model of children’ s earliest productions. Cognition, 46, 245–296.Google Scholar
  26. Echols, C. H. & Newport, E. L. (1992). The role of stress and position in determining first words. Language Acquisition, 2, 189–220.Google Scholar
  27. Eimas, P. D., Siqueland, E. R., Jusczyk, P. W. & Vigorito, J. (1971). Speech perception in infants. Science, 171, 303–306.Google Scholar
  28. Fagioli, I. & Salzarulo, P. (1987). Stati comportamentali e attività cerebrale nelle prime epoche dello sviluppo.Eta Evolutiva, 26, 78–82.Google Scholar
  29. Ferrari, P., Sturloni, N. & Cavazzuti, G. B. (1982). La maturazione dell’ attivita bioelettrica e dei parametri fisiologici (movimenti corporei, movimenti oculari, tono muscolare, attivita cardiaca e respiratoria) che definiscono le fasi del sonno nel feto e nel neonato. In M. Bertolini (ed.), La nascita psicologica e le sue premesse neurobiologiche (pp. 57–113). Roma: Yes Mercury.Google Scholar
  30. Field, T. M. (1979). Visual and cardiac responses to animate and inanimate faces by young term and preterm infants. Child Development, 50, 188–194.Google Scholar
  31. Floccia, C., Christophe, A. & Bertoncini, J. (1997). HAS and newborns: The quest for underlying mechanisms. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 64, 175–198.Google Scholar
  32. Fodor, J. A. (1983). The modularity of mind: An essay on faculty psychology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  33. Gerken, L. A. (1994). Young children’ s representation of prosodic phonology: Evidence from English-speakers’ weak syllable omissions. Journal of Memory and Language, 33, 19–38.Google Scholar
  34. Giovanelli, G. (1991). Ritmi biologici, percezione del linguaggio e identita. Rivista di Psicologia, 3, 55–64.Google Scholar
  35. Giovanelli, G. (1997). Pre-nascere nascere e rinascere. Roma, Nuova Italia Scientifica.Google Scholar
  36. Giovanelli, G., Callegati, I. & Farneti, A. (1986). Familiarité du stimulus et variations du rythme cardiaque dans 1’ etude des premières elaborations cognitives. Contributi del Dipartimento di Psicologia dell’ Universita di Bologna, 17, pp. 1–23.Google Scholar
  37. Giovanelli, G., Callegati, I. & Farneti, A. (1993). Osservazioni in margine al problema dell“elaborazione dell“ informazione nel neonato: la risposta a stimoli linguistici. Contributi della II Cattedra di Psicologia dell’ Età Evolutiva della Facoltà di Magistero, Università di Bologna, 2, 1–19.Google Scholar
  38. Giovanelli, G., Callegati, I., Farneti, A., Sansavini, A. & Tuozzi, G. (1996). Neonatal reactivity to the rhyth-micity of maternal and non maternal heartbeat Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 477.Google Scholar
  39. Giovanelli, G., Callegati, I., Sansavini, A. & Tuozzi, G. (in press). Risposte comportamentali e fisiologiche neonatali di fronte al battito cardiaco della madre e di un’ estranea}. Giomale Italiano di Psicologia Google Scholar
  40. Giovanelli, G., Callegati, I., Farneti, A. & Tuozzi, G. (1988). Differential non nutritive sucking response to auditory stimulation in human newborn of different gestational age. III European Conference of Developmental Psychology, Budapest, p. 304.Google Scholar
  41. Giovanelli, G., Callegati, I., Fameti, A. & Tuozzi, G. (1990). Differential cardiac response to unfamiliar/ maternal voice in the newborn, IV European Conference of Developmental Psychology, Stirling, p. 376.Google Scholar
  42. Glanville, B. B., Best, C. T. & Levenson, R. (1977). A cardiac measure of cerebral asymmetry in infant auditory perception. Developmental Psychobiology, 13, 54–59.Google Scholar
  43. Gleitman, L. R. & Wanner, E. (1982). Language acquisition: The state of the state of the art. In E. Wanner and L. R. Gleitman (Eds.), Language Acquisition: The State of the Art (pp. 3–48). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Goren, C. C., Sarty, M. & Wu P. Y. K. (1975). Visual following and pattern discrimination of face stimuli by newborn infants. Pediatrics, 56, 544–549.Google Scholar
  45. Gottlieb, G. (1979). Development of species identification in ducklings and perceptual differentiation in the embryo. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 93, 831–854.Google Scholar
  46. Gottlieb, G. (1981). Roles of early experience in species-specific perceptual development, in R. N. Aslin, J. R. Alberts, e M. R. Peterson (Eds.), Development of perception: Psychobiological perspectives (vol.1). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  47. Graham, F. K. & Jackson, J. (1970). Arousal system and infant heart-rate response. In H. W. Reese & L. P. Lipsitt (Eds.), Advances in child development and behavior (pp. 59–117). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  48. Greenough, W. T. & Alcantara, A. A. (1993). The roles of experience in different developmental information stage processes. In B. de Boysson-Bardies, S. de Schonen, P. Jusczyk, P. Mcneilage & J. Morton (Eds.), Developmental neurocognition: Speech and face processing in the first year of life (pp. 3–16). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  49. Hack, M., Estabrook, M. M. & Robertson, S. S. (1985). Development of sucking rhythm in preterm infants. Early Human Development, 11, 133–140.Google Scholar
  50. James, D., Pillai, M. & Smoleniec, J. (1995). Neurobehavioral development in the human foetus. In J. P. Lecanuet, W. P. Fifer, N. A. Krasnegor & W. P. Smotherman (Eds.), Fetal Development. A psychobiological perspective. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  51. Johnson, M. H. (1988). Parcellation and plasticity: Implications for ontogeny. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 11, 547–549.Google Scholar
  52. Johnson, M. H. & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1992). Can neural selectionism be applied to cognitive development and its disorders? New Ideas in Psychology, 10, 35–46.Google Scholar
  53. Johnson, M. H. & Morton, J. (1991). Biology and cognitive development: The case of face recognition. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  54. Jusczyk, P. W. (1995). Language acquisition: Speech sounds and the beginning of phonology. In J. L. Miller & P. D. Eimas (Eds.), Speech, language and communication (pp.263–301). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  55. Jusczyk, P. W. & Aslin, R. (1995). Infants’ detection of the sound patterns of words in fluent speech. Cognitive Psychology, 29, 1–23.Google Scholar
  56. Jusczyk, P. W., Friederici, A. D., Wessels, J., Svenkerud, V. Y. & Jusczyk, A. M. (1993). Infants’ sensitivity to the sound patterns of native language words. Journal of Memory and Language, 32,402–420.Google Scholar
  57. Jusczyk, P. W., Hirsh-Pasek, K., Kemler Nelson, D. G., Kennedy, L. J., Woodward, A. & Piwoz, J. (1992). Perception of acoustic correlates to major phrasal units by young infants. Cognitive Psychology, 24, 252–293.Google Scholar
  58. Karmiloff-Smith, A. (1992). Beyond modularity: A developmental perspective on cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  59. Krumhansl, C. L. & Jusczyk, P. W. (1990). Infants’ perception of phrase structure in music. Psychological Science, 1, 70–73.Google Scholar
  60. Krumholz, A., Felix, J. K., Goldstein, P. J. & McKenzie, E. (1985). Maturation of the brain-stem auditory evoked potential in premature infants. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 62, 124–134.Google Scholar
  61. Kuhl, P. K. (1993). Innate predispositions and the effects of experience in speech perception: The native language magnet theory. In B. de Boysson-Bardies, S. de Schonen, P. W. Jusczyk, P. McNeilage, e J. Morton (Eds.), Developmental neurocognition: Speech and face processing in the first year of life (pp.259–274). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  62. Lacey, J. I. (1956). The evaluation of autonomic response: Toward a general solution. Annals of the New York Academy, 67, 123–164.Google Scholar
  63. Lecanuet, J. P., Granier-Deferre, C., Cohen, H., Le Houezec, R. & Busnel, M. C. (1986). Fetal responses to acoustic stimulation depend on heart rate variability pattern, stimulus intensity and repetition. Early Human Development, 13, 269–283.Google Scholar
  64. Lecanuet, J. P., Granier-Deferre, C., DeCasper, A. J., Maugeais, R., Andrieu A. J. & Busnel, M. C. (1987). Perception et discrimination foetale de stimuli langagiers mises en evidence à partir de la réactivité cardiaque. Compte Rendu de l’ Academie des Sciences de Paris, t. 305, série III, 161–164.Google Scholar
  65. Lecanuet, J. P., Granier-Deferre, C., Jacquet, A. Y., Capponi, I. & Ledru, L. (1993). Prenatal discrimination of a male and a female voice uttering the same sentence. Early Development and Parenting, 2, 217–228.Google Scholar
  66. Leppanen, P., Eklund, K., Sundhom, K. & Liytinen, H. (1994). Brain event-related potentials as measures of basic auditory cognition in newborns. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 780.Google Scholar
  67. Lester, B. M., Boukydis, C. F. Z. & LaGasse, L. (1996). Cardiorespiratory activity during the Brazelton Scale in term and preterm infants. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 21, 771–783.Google Scholar
  68. Lewkowicz, D. J. & Turkewitz, G. (1980). Cross-modal equivalence in early infancy: Auditory-visual intensity matching. Developmental Psychology, 16, 597–607.Google Scholar
  69. Lewis, M. (1974). The cardiac response during infancy. In R. F. Thompson and M. M. Patterson (Eds.), Bioelectric recording tecniques (pp. 201–229). NewYork: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  70. Lewis, M., Kagan, J., Kalafat, J. & Campbell, H. (1966). The cardiac response as a correlate of attention in infants. Child Development, 37,63–71Google Scholar
  71. Mandel, D. R., Jusczyk, P. W. & Kemler-Nelson, D. G. (1994). Does sentential prosody improve 2-month-olds’ memory for speech? Cognition, 53, 155–180.Google Scholar
  72. Mandel, D. R., Kemler Nelson, D. G. & Jusczyk, P. W. (1995). Infants’ recognition of the sound patterns of their own names. Psychological Science, 6, 315–318.Google Scholar
  73. Marler, P. (1991). The instinct to learn. In S. Carey & R. Gelman (Eds.), The epigenesis of mind: Essays on biology and cognition (pp. 37–66). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  74. Maurer, D. & Barrera, M. (1981). Infants’ perception of natural and distorted arrangements of a schematic face}. Child Development, 47, 523–527.Google Scholar
  75. Mehler, J., Dupoux, E. & Segui, J. (1990). Constraining models of lexical access: The onset of word recognition. In G. Altmann (ed.), Cognitive Models of Speech Processing. Psycholinguistic and Computational Perspectives (pp.236–262). Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books.Google Scholar
  76. Mehler J., Jusczyk, P. W., Lambertz, G., Halsted, N., Bertoncini, J. & Amiel-Tison, C. (1988). A precursor of language acquisition in young infants. Cognition, 29, 143–178.Google Scholar
  77. Molfese, D. L. & Burger-Judish, L. M. (1991). Dynamic temporal-spatial allocation of resources in the human brain: An alternative to the static view of hemisphere differences. In F. L. Kitterle (ed.). Cerebral laterality: Theory and research, the Toledo Symposium (pp. 71–102). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  78. Monod, N. & Tharp, B. (1977). Activité électroéncephalografique normale du nouveau-né et du prematuréau cours des e ats de veille et de sommeil. Revue EEG Neurophisiologique, 7, 302–315.Google Scholar
  79. Moon, C., Cooper, R. P. & Fifer, W. P. (1993). Two-day-olds prefer their native language. Infant Behavior and Development, 16, 495–500.Google Scholar
  80. Moreau, T. (1976). Modality differences in the habituation and dishabituation of cardiac responsiveness in the human newborn. Developmental Psychobiology, 9, 109–117.Google Scholar
  81. Morgan, J. L. (1986). From Simple Input to Complex Grammar. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  82. Morrongiello, B. A., Clifton, R. K. & Kuling, J. W. (1982). Newborn cardiac orienting responses to sound under varying precedence-effect conditions. Infant Behavior and Development, 5, 249–259.Google Scholar
  83. Murooka, H., Koie, Y. & Suda, D. (1976). Analyse des sons intra-uterines et de leurs effets tranquillisants sur le nouveau-né. Journal de Gynécologie Obstetrique et de Biologie de la Reproduction, 5, 367–376.Google Scholar
  84. Nazzi, T., Bertoncini, J. & Mehler, J. (in press). Language discrimination by newborns: Towards an understanding of the role of rhythm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance Google Scholar
  85. Newsome, M. & Jusczyk, P. W. (1995). Do infants use stress as a cue in segmenting fluent speech? In C. MacLaughlin & S. McEwen (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th Boston University Conference on Language Development, Vol. 2, (pp. 415–426). Boston, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
  86. Nijhuis, J. G., Martin, C. B. & Prechtl, H. F. R. (1984). Behavioral states of the human foetus. In H. F. R. Prechtl (ed.), Continuity of neural functions from prenatal to postnatal life (pp.65–79). London: Spastic International Medical Publications.Google Scholar
  87. Nolte, R. & Haas, G. (1978). Bioelectrical brain maturation in preterm infants. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 20, 167–182.Google Scholar
  88. O’ Connor, M. J., Cohen, S. & Parmelee, A. H. (1984). Infant auditory discrimination in preterm and full-term infants as a predictor of 5-year intelligence. Developmental Psychology, 20, 159–165.Google Scholar
  89. Peters, A. M. (1983). The units of language acquisition. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  90. Pomerleau-Malcuit, A. & Clifton, R. K. (1973). Neonatal heart rate response to tactile, auditory and vestibular stimulation in different states. Child Development, 44, 485–496.Google Scholar
  91. Posner, M. I. & Peterson, S. E. (1990). The attention system of the human brain. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 13, 25–42.Google Scholar
  92. Posner, M. I. & Rothbarth M. K. (1990). Regulatory mechanisms in infant development. In J. T. Enns (ed.), The development of attention: Research and theory. Advances in psychology, 69 (pp. 47–66). Amsterdam: North Holland.Google Scholar
  93. Prechtl, H. & Beintema, D. (1964). The neurological examination of the full term newborn infant. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  94. Pujol, R. & Uziel, A. (1986). Auditory development: Peripheral aspects. In P. Timiras and E. Meisami (Eds.), Handbook of human biologic development. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  95. Querleau, D., Renard, K. & Versyp, F. (1985). Vie sensorielle du foetus. In M. Tournaire & G. Levy (Eds.), L’ environnement de la naissance (pp. 15–41). Paris: Vigot.Google Scholar
  96. Querleau, D., Renard, X., Versyp, F., Paris-Debrue, L. & Crepin, G. (1988). Fetal hearing. European Journal of Obstetrics and Ginecology Reproductive Biology, 29, 191–212.Google Scholar
  97. Righetti, P. L. (1996). The emotional experience of the fetus: A preliminary report. Pre and Peri-Natal Psychology Journal, 11, 55–65.Google Scholar
  98. Salk, L. (1962). Mother’ s heartbeat as an imprinting stimulus. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, ser.2, 4, 753–763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Sansavini, A. (1994). La percezione delta prosodia del linguaggio nei primi giomi di vita. Tesi di Dottorato in Psicologia Sperimentale, 1–306.Google Scholar
  100. Sansavini, A. (1995). La percezione delle unità linguistiche nei primi tempi di vita: teorie e verifiche empiriche. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia, 5, 693–729.Google Scholar
  101. Sansavini, A. (1997). Neonatal perception of the rhythmical structure of speech: The role of stress patterns. Early Development and Parenting, 6, 3–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Sansavini, A. (in press). Predisposizioni biologiche e stimolazioni ambientali nello sviluppo della percezione del linguaggio: dallo stato iniziale allo stato stabile. In A. Zuckowsky & A. Arfelli Galli (Eds.), I sistemi cognitivi nei primi anni di vita: Isomorfismi e derivazioni. Pisa: Giardini Editore.Google Scholar
  103. Sansavini, A., Bertoncini, J. & Giovanelli, G. (1997). Newboms discriminate the rhythm of multisyllabic stressed word. Developmental Psychology, 33, 3–11.Google Scholar
  104. Simion, R, Valenza, E., Umiltà, C. & Dalla Barba, B. (1995). Inhibition of return in newborn infants is temporo-nasal asymmetrical. Infant Behavior and Development, 18, 189–194.Google Scholar
  105. Sokolov, E. (1963). Perception and conditioned reflex. Mac Millan, New York.Google Scholar
  106. Snidman, N., Kagan, J., Riordan, L. & Shannon, D.C. (1995). Cardiac function and behavioral reactivity during infancy. Psychophysiology, 32, 199–207.Google Scholar
  107. Spence, M. J. & Freeman, M.S. (1996). Newborn infants prefer the maternal low-pass filtered voice, but not the maternal whispered voice. Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 2,199–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Trehub, S. E. & Curran, S. (1979). Habituation of infant’ s cardiac response to speech stimuli. Child Development, 50, 1247–1250Google Scholar
  109. Valenza, E., Simion, E & Umiltà, C. (1994). Inhibition of return in newborn infants. Infant Behavior and Development, 17, 293–302.Google Scholar
  110. Van Ooijen, B., Bertoncini, J., Sansavini, A. & Mehler, J. (1997). Do weak syllables count for newborns? Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 102, 3735–3741.Google Scholar
  111. Werker, J. F. & Polka, L. (1993). The ontogeny and developmental significance of language-specific phonetic perception. In B. de Boysson-Bardies, S. de Schonen, P.W. Jusczyk, P. McNeilage and J. Morton (Eds.), Developmental neurocognition: Speech and face processing in the first year of life (pp.275–288). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  112. Whalen, D., Levitt, A. & Wang, Q. (1991). Intonational differences between reduplicative babbling of French-and English-learning infants. Journal of Child Language, 18, 501–516.Google Scholar
  113. Wolff, P. H. (1967). The role of biological rhythms in early psychological development. Bullettin Menninger Clinique, 31, 197–218.Google Scholar
  114. Wolff, P. H. (1968). The serial organization of sucking in the young infant. Pediatrics, 42, 943–956.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations