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Metabolism of 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylic Acid by Penicillium Citrinum

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Biology and Biotechnology of the Plant Hormone Ethylene II

Abstract

The cyclopropane amino acid, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) was found in fruit juices [1] and to be a precursor of ethylene in higher plants [2]. Microorganisms are known to liberate ethylene, which is derived from 2-oxoglutarate or 2-oxo-4-methylthiobutyrate [3]. ACC has never been found in microorganisms, although 2-alkyl derivatives of ACC have been isolated from bacterial metabolites [4, 5]. A fungus Penicillium citrinum synthesized ACC and liberated a little amount of ethylene. As shown by the figure, ACC was released into the medium in the logarithmic phase of growth. The extracellular concentration of ACC reached the maximal level faster than did intracellular ACC and subsequently disappeared from the medium. The intracellular ACC reached the maximal level after the maximal mycelia growth and decreased gradually. The addition of 0.05% L-methionine in the medium raised the accumulation of intracellular and extracellular ACC.

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© 1999 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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Honma, M., Jia, Y.J., Kakuta, Y., Matsui, H. (1999). Metabolism of 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylic Acid by Penicillium Citrinum. In: Kanellis, A.K., Chang, C., Klee, H., Bleecker, A.B., Pech, J.C., Grierson, D. (eds) Biology and Biotechnology of the Plant Hormone Ethylene II. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4453-7_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4453-7_7

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-010-5910-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-011-4453-7

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