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Blaming Wilbur and Orville: The Wright Patent Suits and the Growth of American Aeronautics

  • Tom D. Crouch
Part of the Archimedes book series (ARIM, volume 3)

Abstract

“Probably no single phase of aviation is as little known by those who should be well-informed on the subject,” engineer Charles B. Hayward remarked in 1911, “as the actual status of aviation where the Wright patent is concerned.”

Keywords

Wind Tunnel General Staff Prize Money Aeronautical Research Aerodynamic Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Charles B. Hayward, Practical Aeronautics: An Understandable Presentation of Interesting and Essential Facts in Aeronautical Science… (Chicago: American Technical Society, 1917), p. 505.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ibid. p. 521.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Octave Chanute to Wilbur Wright, January 23, 1910, in Marvin W. McFarland,ed., The Papers of Wilbur and Orville Wright (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1953), v. 2, p. 981.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    American Yearbook, 1911, 1912, 1913; Aerial Age (New York), v. I, no. 10, (May 24, 1915), p. 221; Aeronautics (New York), vol. IX, no. 1 (July 1911),p. 25; U.S. House of Representatives, 70th Congress, I Sess., Hearings,Pioneer Aviators. Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Quoted in, Alden Hatch, Glenn Curtiss: Pioneer of Naval Aviation (New York: Julian Messner, Inc., 1942), p. 253.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Elsbeth Freudenthal, Flight Into History: The Wright Brothers and the Air Age (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1949), pp. 234–235.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Phil Scott, The Shoulders of Giants: A History of Human Flight to 1919 (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1996), p. 256.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    First Flights, episode broadcast by Media General Cable Network, Arts and Education Channel, October 14, 1995.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Henry Serrano Villard, Contact!: The Story of the Early Birds, Man’s First Decade of Flight From Kitty Hawk to World War I. (New York: Bonanza Books, 1968), p. 192.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    James C. Fahey, U.S. Army Aircraft (Heavier-Than-Air), 1908–1946 (New York: Ships and Aircraft, 1946), p. 6.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 13.
    Henry Serrano Villard, Contact! The Story of the Early Birds (New York: Bonanza Books, 1973), p. 103–107.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    Ibid., p. 162.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    Fred C. Kelly, ed., Miracle at Kitty Hawk: The Letters of Wilbur and Orville Wright (NY: Farrar, Straus and Young, 1951), 170.Google Scholar
  15. 17.
    Walter T. Bonney, The Heritage of Kitty Hawk (New York: W.W. Norton, 1962), p. 155.Google Scholar
  16. 18.
    Bonney, Heritage, p. 156.Google Scholar
  17. 19.
    Penrose, British Aviation, p. 98–99.Google Scholar
  18. 20.
    Bonney, Heritage, 156Google Scholar
  19. 21.
    For information on the birth of applied fluid dynamics in Germany and its transfer to the U.S. see: Paul A. Hanle, Bringing Aerodynamics to America (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1982).Google Scholar
  20. 22.
    Von Hardesty, “Early Flight in Russia,” scheduled to appear as an essay in Robin Higham and Jacob Kipp, Soviet Aviation: A Historical View (London: Frank Cass, 1998).Google Scholar
  21. 23.
    For information on the early U.S. research community see: Alex Roland, Model Research: The National Advisory Committee for Aviation, 1915–1958 (Washington, D.C.: USGPO, 1985).Google Scholar
  22. 24.
    Bonney, Heritage, p. 156.Google Scholar
  23. 25.
    L’Aerophile, no. 6 (15 March 1914), 124–127.Google Scholar
  24. 26.
    John Morrow, The Great War in the Air: Military Aviation from 1909–1921 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993), p. 33.Google Scholar
  25. 27.
    Ibid., p. 16.Google Scholar
  26. 28.
    John H. Morrow, Jr., The Great War in the Air: Military Aviation from 1909 to 1921 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993), p. 13. Professor Morrow provides the definitive account of the growth of the airframe and engine industry in the U.S. and Europe prior to and during WW I.Google Scholar
  27. 29.
    Louis Morgat, “Aviation en Berry Avant la Grande Guerre,” Revue historique des armees 1980, no. 1, p. 196.Google Scholar
  28. 30.
    For a solid history of the rigid airship see: Peter Brooks, Zeppelin:Rigid Airships, 1893–1940 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, (1992).Google Scholar
  29. 32.
    For detailed information on German aircraft policy see: John Morrow, Building German Airpower, 1909–1914 (Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1976); John Morrow, The Great War in the Air, pp. 1–57.Google Scholar
  30. 33.
    For information on pre-war British aviation policy see: Alfred Gollin, The Impact ofAir Power On the British People and Their Government, 1909–1914 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press).Google Scholar
  31. 34.
    Von Hardesty, “Early Flight in Russia,” in Robin Higham, John Greenwood, and Von Hardesty, eds., Russian Airpower (London: Fred Cass, 1998).Google Scholar
  32. 35.
    John Morrow, The Great War in the Air, pp. 1–57.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom D. Crouch

There are no affiliations available

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