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The Origin of Helium and the Other Light Elements

  • G. Burbidge
  • F. Hoyle
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 244)

Abstract

The energy released in the synthesis of cosmic 4He from hydrogen is almost exactly equal to the energy contained in the cosmic microwave background radiation. This result strongly suggests that the 4He was produced by hydrogen burning in stars and not in the early stages of a big bang. In addition, we show that there are good arguments for believing that the other light isotopes, D, 3He, 6Li, 7Li, 9Be, 10B and 11B were also synthesized in processes involving stars. By combining these results with the earlier, much more detailed work of Burbidge et al. and of Cameron, we can finally conclude that all of the chemical elements were synthesized from hydrogen in stars over a time of about 1011yr.

Keywords

Cosmic Microwave Background Stellar Wind Light Isotope Hydrogen Burning Helium Abundance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Burbidge
    • 1
  • F. Hoyle
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Center for Astrophysics and ScienceUniversity of CaliforniaLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.Bournemouth, DorsetUK

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