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The Organizing Principle of the Cognitive Process or the Mode of Existence: Husserl’s and Ingarden’s Concepts of Attitude

  • Piotr Dawidziak
Part of the Analecta Husserliana book series (ANHU, volume 34)

Abstract

The category of attitude is among the basic concepts of the Husserl’s phenomenology along with intentionality and reduction. However, while the question of reduction engages a good deal of attention in phenomenologists’ considerations, the cognitive state of mind called attitude (Einstellung) is situated as it were beyond the scope of their primary interests. And yet, in order to understand what the practice of “pure phenomenology” consists in, one should — in accord with the thinking of its founder — grasp the essence of the phenomenological attitude in the first place.

Keywords

Natural Attitude Real Existence Cognitive Experience External Perception Essential Core 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    E. Husserl, Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie (The Hague: 1976), p. 280 (pagination according to the original edition).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    My analysis of the category of attitude may be found in an article: “The Concept of Attitude in Edmund Husserl’s Philosophy,” Phenomenological Inquiry Vol. 10, 1986, pp. 29–42.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Concerning the full character of the cognitive experience, see my article “The Concept of Attitude in Edmund Husserl’s Philosophy,” Phenomenological Inquiry Vol. 10, 1986, pp. 33–34.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    See “The Concept of Attitude in Edmund Husserl’s Philosophy,” Phenomenological Inquiry Vol. 10, 1986, pp. 35–36, for a treatment of the character of possible objects.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    See “The Concept of Attitude in Edmund Husserl’s Philosophy,” Phenomenological Inquiry Vol. 10, 1986, pp. 37–38 for an involved characterization of the kinds of attitudes.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 335.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Husserl, Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie (The Hague: 1976), p. 49–51.Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    R. Ingarden, Wstęp do fenomenologii Husserla (Warsaw: 1974).Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    R. Ingarden, Wstęp do fenomenologii Husserla (Warsaw: 1974) p. 107.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    R. Ingarden, Wstęp do fenomenologii Husserla (Warsaw: 1974) p. 108.Google Scholar
  11. 12.
    R. Ingarden, Wstęp do fenomenologii Husserla (Warsaw: 1974) p. 108.Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    R. Ingarden, Wstęp do fenomenologii Husserla (Warsaw: 1974), p. 108.Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    R. Ingarden, Wstęp do fenomenologii Husserla (Warsaw: 1974)  p. 109.Google Scholar
  14. 15.
    R. Ingarden, Der Streit um die Existenz der Welt (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1965), p. 207 (annotations are given according to the Polish Edition: Spór o istnienie świata, Vol. 1 [Warsaw: 1987]).Google Scholar
  15. 16a.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963),  pp. 212–213Google Scholar
  16. 16b.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963),  pp. 222–223Google Scholar
  17. 16c.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963),  pp. 226–227Google Scholar
  18. 16d.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963),  pp. 229.Google Scholar
  19. 17.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p.222.Google Scholar
  20. 18.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 224.Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963),  p. 226.Google Scholar
  22. 20.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 225.Google Scholar
  23. 21.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 229.Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 229.Google Scholar
  25. 23.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 230.Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 221.Google Scholar
  27. 25.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 227.Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    Compare R. Ingarden, Z badań nadfllozofią współczesna (Warsaw: 1963), p. 226.Google Scholar
  29. 28.
    The existence of a mechanism of balancing the cognitive processes is indicated in many of the works of J. Piaget. Cf. L’equilibration des structures cognitives. Probleme central du developement (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1975).Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    R. Ingarden, Der Streit um die Existenz der Welt (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1965), p. 227.Google Scholar
  31. 30.
    R. Ingarden, Der Streit um die Existenz der Welt (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1965), p. 222.Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    Ingarden stresses the fact that every individual has a characteristic and unique individually equipped core. Cf. R. Ingarden, Der Streit um die Existenz der Welt (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1965), p. 222.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Piotr Dawidziak
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PoznanPoland

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