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Chemical Theories on the Origin of Comets

  • Tetsuo Yamamoto
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 167)

Abstract

Firstly, observational data available at present to infer physical conditions of the formation environment of cometary matter are briefly surveyed. These include the chemical and isotopic composition of cometary matter, and the nuclear spin temperature derived from the ortho/para abundance ratio of H2O molecules. Secondly, theories on the origin of comets—theories based upon the chemical composition of the volatile component of cometary matter—are reviewed. The theories are classified into two types, distinguished by whether cometary volatiles originate as solar nebula condensates or as the sublimation residue of interstellar ices. Observational items helpful to test the theories are pointed out. Thirdly, discussion is given on the physical properties of ices relevant to the chemical theory of the origin of comets.

Keywords

Solar Nebula Cometary Nucleus Interstellar Cloud Chemical Theory Oort Cloud 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetsuo Yamamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Space and Astronautical ScienceSagamiharaJapan

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