Benthic foraminifera are important members of the deep-sea biota and sometimes are the dominant organisms in the meiofaunal and macrofaunal size ranges and in hard substrate communities. Agglutinated species are abundant and include a rich diversity of undescribed taxa, many of them belonging to soft-bodied groups, e.g. the Komokiacea. These delicate forms are particularly important in tranquil, central oceanic regions below the carbonate compensation depth, where calcareous species are rare. Large robust astrorhizaceans, on the other hand, are more abundant near the continental margins. Agglutinated foraminifera occupy infaunal, epifaunal and elevated microhabitats in the deep-sea. They consume a wide range of other organisms and, in turn, are ingested in large numbers by deposit-feeding megafauna and specialist predators. Their tests contribute to the structure of the benthic environment while the burrowing activities of smaller specimens may modify the sedimentary fabric. Thus, in a variety of ways, agglutinated foraminifera must play a major ecological role in the ocean-floor communities.
- Benthic Foraminifera
- Benthic Foraminifer
- Abyssal Plain
- Harpacticoid Copepod
- Manganese Nodule
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Gooday, A.J. (1990). Recent Deep-Sea Agglutinated Foraminifera: A Brief Review. In: Hemleben, C., Kaminski, M.A., Kuhnt, W., Scott, D.B. (eds) Paleoecology, Biostratigraphy, Paleoceanography and Taxonomy of Agglutinated Foraminifera. NATO ASI Series, vol 327. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3350-0_11
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