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Experimental habituation of aggression in the sea anemone Actinia equina

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Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY,volume 66)

Abstract

Behavioural plasticity in Actinia equina (L.) was examined in experimental contests using a range of pedal disc colour phenotypes, which characterize 3 known, ecologically distinct morphs. With repeated pairing of individuals in auto-phenotypic encounters, habituation was easily induced in the 2 mid-shore morphs, but was not obvious in the less aggressive, low-shore form. Subsequent pairing with a different partner revealed that anemones remained aggressive towards a novel opponent. Following novel contact, repairing of the dark red pedal phenotype with the original partner provided some evidence of retention of habituation to a previous opponent, and thus of a specific inducible memory.

Key words

  • Actinia
  • aggression
  • habituation
  • memory

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© 1991 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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Brace, R.C., Santer, SJ. (1991). Experimental habituation of aggression in the sea anemone Actinia equina . In: Williams, R.B., Cornelius, P.F.S., Hughes, R.G., Robson, E.A. (eds) Coelenterate Biology: Recent Research on Cnidaria and Ctenophora. Developments in Hydrobiology, vol 66. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3240-4_75

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3240-4_75

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-010-5428-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-011-3240-4

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