• Zygmunt L. Kruk
  • Christopher J. Pycock


Noradrenaline (norepinephrine, norarternol) is a catecholamine neurotransmitter in postganglionic sympathetic nerves and within the central nervous system (CNS). Noradrenaline is released from the adrenal medulla. The term ‘catecholamine’ refers to the chemical classification in which substances with two adjacent hydroxyl (OH) groups on a benzene ring are said to have a ‘catechol’ nucleus.


Tyrosine Hydroxylase Nerve Terminal Adrenal Medulla Noradrenaline Release Sympathetic Stimulation 
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Further Reading

  1. Dahlstrom, A., Belmaker, R.H. and Sandier, M. (1988) Progress in Catecholamine Research. Part A: Basic Aspects and Peripheral Mechanisms. Part B: Central Aspects. Part C: Clinical Aspects. Alan R. Liss, New York.Google Scholar
  2. Gilman, A.G., Rall, T.W., Nies, A.S. and Taylor, P. (1990) Goodman & Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Chapters 10 and 11. Pergamon Press, New YorGoogle Scholar
  3. Heal, D.J. and Marsden, C.A. (1990) The Pharmacology of Noradrenaline in the Central Nervous System. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. Sibley, D.R., Benovic, J.L., Caron, M.G. and Lefkowitz, RJ. (1987) Regulation of transmembrane signalling by receptor phosphorylation. Cell, 48, 913–922.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Zygmunt L. Kruk and Christopher J. Pycock 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zygmunt L. Kruk
    • 1
  • Christopher J. Pycock
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology Queen Mary and Westfield CollegeUniversity of LondonUK
  2. 2.Derriford HospitalPlymouthUK

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