Public Education on Diet and Cancer: Calories, Weight and Exercise

  • C. La Vecchia
  • E. Negri
Part of the Developments in Oncology book series (DION, volume 70)


The observation that energy intake, and consequently body weight, have a role in the process of carcinogenesis was made in the early 1940’s on animal experiments: rodents fed at libitum had a higher cancer incidence than animals with restricted calorie intake (Tannenbaum, 1940).


Breast Cancer Cancer Risk Breast Cancer Risk Endometrial Cancer Natl Cancer Inst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albanes D, Jones DY, Schatzkin A, Micozzi MS, Taylor PR (1988). Adult stature and risk of cancer. Cancer Res 48:1658–62.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Albanes D, Balk A, Taylor PR (1989). Physical activity and risk of cancer in the NHANES 1 population. Am J Public Health 79:744–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ballard-Barbash R, Schatzkin A, Albanes D et al. (1990). Physical activity and risk of large bowel cancer in the Framingham Study. Cancer Res 50: 3610–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. De Waard F, Baanders-van Halewijn EA (1974). A prospective study in general practice on breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women. Int J Cancer 14: 153–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. De Waard F, Trichopoulos D (1988). A unifying concept of the aetiology of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 41: 666–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Doll R, Peto R (1981). The causes of cancer: Quantitative estimates of avoidable risks of cancer in United States today. J Natl Cancer Inst 66:1191–308.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Frisch RE, Wyshak G, Albright NL et al. (1987). Lower lifetime occurrence of breast cancer and cancers of the reproductive system among former college athletes. Am J Clin Nutr 45: 328–35.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Garfinkel L, Stellman SD (1988). Mortality by relative weight and exercise. Cancer 62:1844–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goodman MT, Morgenstern H, Wynder EL (1986). A case-control study of factors affecting the development of renal cell cancer. Am J Epidemiol 124: 926–41.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Jones DY, Schatzkin A, Green SB et al. (1987). Dietary fat and breast cancer in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. JNCI 89: 465–71.Google Scholar
  11. Koumantaki Y, Tzonou A, Koumantakis E, Kaklamani E, Aravantinos D, Trichopoulos D (1989). A case-control study of cancer of endometrium in Athens. Intl Cancer 43: 795–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. La Vecchia C, Decarli A, Negri E, Parazzini F (1988). Epidemiological aspects of diet and cancer: A summary review of case-control studies from Northern Italy. Oncology 45: 364–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. La Vecchia C (1989). Nutritional factors and cancers of the breast, endometrium and ovary. EurJ Cancer Clin Oncol 25: 1945–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. La Vecchia C, Negri E, Parazzini F et al. (1990). Height and cancer risk in a network of case-control studies from Northern Italy. Int J Cancer 45: 275–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. La Vecchia C, Negri E, D’Avanzo B, Boyle P (1991a). Risk factors for gallstone disease requiring surgery. Int J Epidemiol. Google Scholar
  16. La Vecchia C, Negri E, D’Avanzo B, Franceschi S (1991b). Smoking and renal cell carcinoma. Cancer Res. Google Scholar
  17. Lew EA, Garfinkel L (1979). Variations in mortality by weight among 750,000 men and women. J Chronic Dis 32: 563–76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Parazzini F, La Vecchia C, Negri E, Bruzzi P, Palli D, Boyle P (1990). Anthropometric variables and risk of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 45: 397–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pietinen P, Hartman AM, Haapa E et al. (1988a). Reproducibility and validity of dietary assessment instruments. I. A self-administered food use questionnaire with a portion size picture booklet. Am JEpidemiol 128: 655–66.Google Scholar
  20. Pietinen P, Hartman AM, Haapa E et al. (1988b). Reproducibility and validity of dietary assessment instruments. II. A qualitative food frequency questionnaire. Am JEpidemiol 128: 667–76.Google Scholar
  21. Potter JD, McMichael AJ (1986). Diet and cancer of the colon and rectum: A case-control study. J Natl Cancer Inst 76: 557–69.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Severson RK, Grove JS, Nomura AMY, Stemmermann GN (1988). Body mass and prostatic cancer: A prospective study. Br Med J 297: 713–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Swanson CA, Jones DY, Schatzkin A, Brinton LA, Ziegler RG (1988). Breast cancer risk assessed by anthropometry in the NHANES 1 epidemiological follow-up study. Cancer Res 48: 5363–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Talamini R, Baron AE, Bara S et al. (1991). A case-control study of risk factors for renal cell cancer in Northern Italy. Cancer Causes Control. Google Scholar
  25. Tannenbaum A (1940). Relationship of body weight to cancer incidence. Arch Pathol 30: 509–17.Google Scholar
  26. Warren MP (1980). The effects of exercise on pubertal progression and reproduction on girls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 51: 1150–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Whittemore AS, Paffenbarger RS Jr, Anderson K, Lee JE (1985). Early precursors of site-specific cancers in college men and women. JNCI 74: 43–51.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Whittemore AS, Wu-Williams AH, Lee M et al. (1990). Diet, physical activity and colorectal cancer among Chinese in North America and China. J Natl Cancer Inst 82: 915–26.Google Scholar
  29. Willett WC, Sampson L, Stampfer MJ et al. (1985a). Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol 122: 51–65.Google Scholar
  30. Willett WC, Browne ML, Bain C et al. (1985b). Relative weight and risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women. Am JEpidemiol 122: 731–40.Google Scholar
  31. Willett W, Stampfer MJ (1986). Total energy intake: Implications for epidemiologic analyses. Am J Epidemiol 124: 17–27.Google Scholar
  32. Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA et al. (1987). Dietary fat and the risk of breast cancer. N Engl J Med 316: 22–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Willett W (1989). The search for the causes of breast and colon cancer. Nature 338: 389–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Winder E, Escher G, Mantel N (1966). An epidemiologic investigation of cancer of the endometrium. Cancer 19: 489–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. La Vecchia
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • E. Negri
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche “Mario Negri”MilanoItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Social and Preventive MedicineUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche “Mario Negri”MilanItaly

Personalised recommendations