Ceramics for Reciprocating Engines: An Application Review

  • H. Takao
  • A. Okada
  • M. Ando
  • Y. Akimune
  • N. Hirosaki


The application of ceramics to reciprocating engines is reviewed with the aim of predicting near-future applications. The exceptional properties of ceramics enabling them to meet the changing social environment are now clearly known to enhance their further application, and the material cost is shown to influence the maximum amount of materials designed for automobile use. Candidates for further application of ceramics to automobiles are thought to be classified into two categories. One is aimed at substituting such conventional metal parts as the tappet, piston pin and cam lobe, where cost reduction facilitates expanding application. The second category involves use as a key material in helping to ease ecological problems such as decreasing CO2 emission by decreasing fuel consumption. Extensive work being undertaken to develop energy recovery system as well as to further clarify combustion behaviour in reciprocating engines is indispensable for advancing the application of ceramics to heat insulation components of the combustion chamber, while novel ceramic processing that remarkably reduces production cost is strongly required to generate applications that reflect its light weight and outstanding wear resistance properties. Because of the strong potential of ceramics for use in high-thermal efficiency engines, broad-ranging application of ceramics in the near future will be achieved through close cooperation between diverse fields of research.


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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd and MPA Stuttgart 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Takao
    • 1
  • A. Okada
    • 1
  • M. Ando
    • 1
  • Y. Akimune
    • 1
  • N. Hirosaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Engineering LaboratoriesNissan Motor Co., Ltd.Yokosuka 237Japan

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