A Primer on Pulmonary Cell Biology: Lung Cells and their Functions

  • G. A. Zimmerman
Part of the Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology book series (DCCA, volume 25)


The lung contains over 40 different cell types. Each has a variety of structural and metabolic functions that may be altered by disease states. The potential funetions of some of these cells have been studied in detail (1,2), while the activities of other cell types are little known. In this diseussi on we will emphasize several specifie cells that are important in a variety of syndromes of lung injury. For practical purposes the cells of the pulmonary parenehyma ean be divided into a few groups.


Alveolar Macrophage Lung Defense Alveolar Surface Ciliated Epithelial Cell Normal Human Lung 
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    Crystal R.G., West J.B., Barnes P.J., Cherniack N.S., Weibel E.R.. The Lung. Scientific Foundations. New York, Raven Press, 1991Google Scholar
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    Harada R.N., Repine J.E. Pulmonary host defense mechanisms. Chest 87:247–52,1985PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Kaltreider H.B.. Immune defenses of the lung. In Respiratory Infections (Sande M.A., Hudson L.D., Root R.K., eds.) New York, Churchill Livingston, 1986, p 47–70Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

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  • G. A. Zimmerman

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