New Modes of Ventilatory Support

  • J. B. Downs
Part of the Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology book series (DCCA, volume 25)


Since the advent of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV), continuous positive airway press ure (CPAP), mandatory minute ventilation (MMV), and high frequency ventilation, several ventilatory modalities have been introduced for the treatment of ventilatory insufficiency. Pressure support ventilation (PSV) and airway press ure release ventilation (APRV) are most recent. Although PSV was introduced seven years ago, there is little data concerning its usefulness in patient care. Nevertheless, PSV is a standard feature of several commercially available ventilators. APRV is presently an experimental technique and, therefore, not in general use.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Airway Pressure Pressure Support Ventilation Ventilatory Modality Alveolar Ventilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Suggested Reading List

  1. Downs J.B., Stock M.C.: Airway pressure release ventilation: a new concept in ventilatory support. Editorial. Crit Care Med 15:459–61, 1987PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. MacIntyre N.R.: Respiratory function during pressure support ventilation. Chest 89: 677–83, 1986PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Prakash O., Meij S.: Cardiopulmonary response to inspiratory pressure support during spontaneous ventilation vs conventional ventilation. Chest 83:403–7, 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Räsänen J., Downs J.B., Stock M.C.: Cardiovascular effects of conventional positive pressure ventilation and airway pressure release ventilation. Chest 93:911–15, 1988PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Stock M.C., Downs J.B., Frolicher D.A.: Airway pressure release ventilation. Crit Care Med 15:462–66, 1987PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. B. Downs

There are no affiliations available

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