Management of the Difficult Airway Part I: Epidemiology, The Asa Algorithm And Recognition

  • J. L. Benumof
Part of the Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology book series (DCCA, volume 25)


The most fundamental routine responsibility of an anesthesiologist to an anesthetized patient is to maintain adequate gas exchange. In order to do this, the airway must be managed in such a way so that it is almost continuously patent. The result of failure to maintain adequate airway patency and gas exchange for a critical amount of time is brain damage and whole body death. Thus, it is not surprising that over 85% of all respiratory-related closed malpractice claims involve a brain damaged or dead patient (1) and it has been estimated that inability to successfully manage very difficult airways has been responsible for up to 30% of deaths totally attributable to anesthesia (2–4).


Difficult Airway Brain Damage Difficult Intubation Macintosh Laryngoscope Difficult Tracheal Intubation 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

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  • J. L. Benumof

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