Advertisement

Hegel’s Rejection of the Concept of Force

  • Karl-Norbert Ihmig
Chapter
Part of the Archives Internationales D’Histoire Des Idées / International Archives of the History of Ideas book series (ARCH, volume 136)

Abstract

In Germany, the influence of Hegel’s philosophy began to ebb away as soon as he passed from the scene in November 1831. His successor in Berlin, Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg, helped on the decline, as did the subsequent arrival of Schelling in the Prussian capital. Many regarded the way in which Hegel had dealt with the empirical sciences as scandalous in the extreme. By the middle of the century there was a general conviction that there should be a much closer connection between philosophy and the empirical research being carried out in the natural sciences, and that this could only be brought about by a revival of Kantianism. Hermann von Helmholtz was one of the first to advocate a return to the philosophy of Kant. In a lecture “On human vision”, delivered in 1855, he put forward the view that Hegel’s criticism of Newton was one of the main reasons why his philosophy had fallen so completely out of favour. In this particular respect he associated him closely with Schelling, and observed that:

The way in which these scholls of thought set themselves up in opposition to the proper principles of scientific research, is particularly noticeable in the eminently unphilosophical and unbalanced manner in which Hegel and certain of his followers inveighed against the theories of Newton.1

Keywords

Centrifugal Force Centripetal Force Planetary Motion Universal Gravitation Independent Force 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Helmholtz, H.v. 1855, p. 47.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hegel WL I.277; tr. Miller p. 273; Hegel Encyclopedia § 270 Remark; tr. Petry I.265, 8-11; tr. Miller p. 67.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shea, W.R. 1986, p. 31; Shea, W.R. 1982, p. 393; Sambursky, S. 1971, p. 103; Shea, W.R. 1982, p. 391; Van Lunteren, F. 1986, p. 53.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    De Gandt, F. 1979, pp. 87-98; Dubarle, D. 1970, pp. 113-136; Wolff, M. 1986; Treder, H.-J. 1981, p. 206; see also Oeser, E. 1970, pp. 89f.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hegel WL II.144-150; tr. Miller pp. 518-523; Hegel Encyclopedia § 319 Remark; tr. Petry II.133,34-37; tr. Miller p. 193.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hegel WL I.276; tr. Miller p. 272 Remark 1; see also Hegel DOP.7; Newton Principles I.40; Hegel Encyclopedia § 270 Remark; tr. Petry I.264,37-265,6; tr. Miller p. 67; see also Hegel DOP.7-10; Hegel WL I.276; tr. Miller p. 272; Hegel WL I.276; tr. Miller p. 273; Schubert, F.T. 1798, p. 25.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Whewell, W. 1849a, p. 699; Doz, A. 1970, pp. 177-190; De Gandt, F. 1979, pp. 136f.; Shea, W.R. 1986, pp. 35f.; Newton Principles I.40f.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Newton Principles I.40, I.14.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Newton Principles I.2; Newton Principles II.410; Hegel Encyclopedia § 262 Remark; tr. Petry I.242,8; tr. Miller p. 45.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hall, A.R. & Hall, M.B. 1962, p. 148; Herivel, J. 1965; Cohen, I.B. 1971, pp. 66-68; Westfall, R.S. 1971; Westfall, R.S. 1980; Kutschmann, W. 1983; Newton MP VI, pp. 30-32; Whiteside, D.T. 1989, pp. 3, 13, 31, 37; Ihmig, K.-N. 1990, pp. 170-173; Westfall, R.S. 1980, p. 411; see also Westfall, R.S. 1971, pp. 433-435; Ihmig, K.-N. 1989 (a), pp. 37-47.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Newton Principles I.2; II.425f.; II.409; II.425; Newton C II.307.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hegel WL I.294; tr. Miller p. 288.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Newton Principles I.5; see also Petry I.329f., and 344 (commentary); Newton Principles II.397; I.192; Hegel Encyclopedia § 320 Addition; tr. Petry II.147,19-22; tr. Miller p. 205.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hegel Encyclopedia § 270 Addition; tr. Petry I.272,14-37; tr. Miller pp. 74f.; Newton Principles I.4; Newton Principles I.192; Hegel WL I.357; tr. Miller p. 347; Newton Principles II.400.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hegel WL I.353; tr. Miller pp. 342f.; Hegel Encyclopedia § 270 Remark; tr. Petry I.266,7-11; tr. Miller p. 68.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hegel Encyclopedia § 270 Remark; tr. Petry I.263,32-264,22; tr. Miller p. 66; concerning this issue, see also Cohen, I.B. 1971, p. 50; Kant 1786 Vorrede A XII; on Hegel’s indebtedness to Kant, see Falkenburg, B. 1987; Hegel WL I.353; tr. Miller p. 343.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hegel JS III.23; Hegel Encyclopedia § 263; tr. Petry I.244,6-8; tr. Miller p. 47; Hegel Encyclopedia § 264; tr. Petry I.244,24-27; tr. Miller pp. 47f.; Hegel Encyclopedia § 264 Remark; tr. Petry I.245, 4-8; tr. Miller p. 48.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Newton Principles I.2; Cohen, I.B. 1964, p. 45.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ihmig, K.-N. 1989(a), pp. 53-66; Ihmig, K.-N. 1989(b), pp. 64-68; Hegel Encyclopedia § 269; tr. Petry I.260,1-6; tr. Miller p. 62.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl-Norbert Ihmig

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations