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Highly conductive polymer electrolytes

  • K. M. Abraham
Chapter

Abstract

A goal of polymer electrolyte researchers since the discovery of ionic conductivity in Li salt complexes of poly(ethylene oxide) has been the identification of solid polymer electrolytes which have high enough conductivity to enable the development of solid-state Li batteries with ambient temperature performance approaching that of their liquid electrolyte counterparts. The formidable nature of this challenge is evident when we consider the requirements of polymer electrolytes for such batteries. They include:
  • a conductivity between 10−4 and 10−3 S cm−1 in the ambient temperature range of −40 to 70°C;

  • good dimensional stability in the −40 to 70°C range;

  • good thermal stability in the −40 to 70°C range;

  • an electrochemical stability window spanning the potentials between 0.0 V and ≥4.0 V versus Li+/Li;

  • chemical compatibility with both the Li anode and the cathode over the whole ambient temperature range; and

  • an ability to afford Li cycling (recharge) at an efficiency of greater than 99%.

Keywords

Polymer Electrolyte Ethylene Oxide Liquid Electrolyte Pylene Carbonate Propylene Carbonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

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  • K. M. Abraham

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