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The U.S. National Innovation System: Origins and Prospects for Change

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Science and Technology Policy in Interdependent Economies

Abstract

In recent years, the concept of “national innovation systems” has attained considerable currency and interest. Although a precise definition of a national innovation system is difficult, analyses of the Japanese and U.S. national innovation systems have implicitly defined them as the array of public and private institutions and organizations within an economy that fund and perform R&D, translate the results of R&D into commercial innovations, and affect the diffusion of new technologies (Freeman, 1988; Nelson, 1993). Interest in national innovation systems stems in part from a growing acknowledgment of the contributions to national economic welfare of superior performance in the commercialization and adoption of new technologies. This awareness in turn has been heightened by the innovative and economic strength of postwar Japan.

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© 1994 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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Mowery, D.C. (1994). The U.S. National Innovation System: Origins and Prospects for Change. In: Science and Technology Policy in Interdependent Economies. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1374-8_4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1374-8_4

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-010-4601-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-011-1374-8

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

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