Effect of Postoperative Pain on Surgical Stress Response
Pain is one of the sequelae of acute injury and may participate in the release and maintenance of the surgical stress response. Furthermore, pain-induced reflex responses may adversely influence respiratory function, increase cardiac demands, decrease intestinal motility and initiate skeletal muscle spasm. Therefore, there is a common belief that alleviation of acute pain may also reduce the surgical stress response and improve outcome.
KeywordsEpidural Analgesia Cortisol Response Major Abdominal Surgery Neural Blockade Epidural Opioid
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