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Mineral nutrition

  • G. J. Gascho
  • J. G. Davis
Part of the World Crop Series book series

Abstract

High yields of quality groundnuts require good nutrition. Sixteen elements [(carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulphur (S), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), and chlorine (Cl)] are considered essential for plants although not all have been proved essential for any particular species. Of the sixteen, C, H and O are supplied in the atmosphere or in the air space of the soil and are called non-mineral nutrients. They are usually assumed to be plentiful, even though O may be limiting due to excessive water in soil pores. Therefore neither fertilizer nor soil amendments are applied for the expressed purpose of supplying these three elements. In addition, nickel (Ni) and cobalt (Co) are essential for some legumes and sodium (Na), silicon (Si), selenium (Se), and aluminum (Al) have been shown to be beneficial in some cases. Quantities of nutrients removed by groundnut pods and vines are presented in Table 7.1.

Keywords

Mineral Nutrition Arachis Hypogaea Hollow Heart Boron Deficiency Boron Toxicity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. J. Gascho
  • J. G. Davis

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