The origin and history of the groundnut

  • R. O. Hammons
Part of the World Crop Series book series


Groundnut is a native New World crop. Early explorers found it cultivated extensively in both Mesoamerica and South America. Remnant pericarp (fruit hull) tissue recovered from archaeological sites in Peru dates its purposeful agricultural use there at approximately 3900–3750 years before the present (YBP). No one is certain how much earlier domestication occurred but it probably first took place in the valleys of the Paraná and Paraguay river systems in the Gran Chaco area of South America.


Sweet Potato Sixteenth Century Peanut Butter Arachis Hypogaea Caribbean Basin 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

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