Advertisement

Groundnut breeding

  • T. G. Isleib
  • J. C. Wynne
  • S. N. Nigam
Part of the World Crop Series book series

Abstract

Groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) are grown throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world, with commercial production principally between latitudes 40° N and 40° S. Leading producing nations are India (33.4% of global production), China (27.8%), USA (9.3%), Senegal (4.2%), Indonesia (4.2%), Nigeria (3.3%), Myanmar (3.0%), Sudan (2.7%) and Argentina (2.0%). Clearly, the crop is grown in several agroecological systems and under numerous socioeconomic environments. Yield of groundnuts is often low due to diseases and insects, unpredictable and variable rainfall, inability to apply improved agronomic practices and production technology, lack of cultivars adapted to local conditions, low financial inputs, lack of small-scale farm implements, and lack of the infrastructure required to supply quality seed of improved cultivars (Nigam et al., 1991).

Keywords

Leaf Spot Bacterial Wilt Linoleic Acid Content Oleic Acid Content Arachis Hypogaea 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahmed, E.M. and Young, C.T. (1982) Composition, quality, and flavour of peanuts, in Peanut Science and Technology, (eds C.T. Young and H.E. Pattee), American Peanut and Research Education Society, Yoakum, Texas, pp. 655–688.Google Scholar
  2. Amaya, F.-J., Young, C.T., Norden, A.J. and Mixon, A.C. (1980) Chemical screening for Aspergillus flavus resistance in peanut. Oléagineux, 35, 255–257.Google Scholar
  3. Aujla, S.S., Chohan, J.S. and Mehan, V.K. (1978) The screening of peanut varieties for the accumulation of aflatoxin and their relative reaction to the toxigenic isolate of Aspergillus flavus Link ex Fries. Journal of Research of the Punjab Agricultural University, 15, 400–403.Google Scholar
  4. Bailey, W.K., Stone, E., Broomfield, K.R. and Garren, K.H. (1973) Notice of release of peanut germplasm with resistance to rust, Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Blacksburg, VA, and USDA Agricultural Research Service, Washington, DC, 3 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Banks, D.J. (1976) Peanuts: Germplasm resources. Crop Science, 16, 499–502.Google Scholar
  6. Bartz, Z.A., Norden, A.J., LaPrade, J.C. and Demuynk, T.J. (1978) Seed tolerance in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to members of the Aspergillus flavus group of fungi. Peanut Science, 5, 53–56.Google Scholar
  7. Beute, M.K., Wynne, J.C. and Emery, D.A. (1976) Registration of NC 3033 peanut germplasm. Crop Science, 16, 887.Google Scholar
  8. Blankenship, P.D., Cole, R.J., Sanders, T.H. and Hill, R.A. (1984) Effect of geocarposphere temperature on pre-harvest colonization of drought stressed peanuts by Aspergillus flavus and subsequent aflatoxin. Mycopathologia, 85, 69–74.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Bock, K.R. (1987) Rosette and early leaf spot diseases: a review of research progress, 1984/85, in Proceedings of the Second Regional Groundnut Workshop in Southern Africa, 10–14 February 1986, Harare, Zimbabwe, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 5–14.Google Scholar
  10. Bock, K.R. (1989) ICRISAT Regional Groundnut Pathology Program: A review of research progress during 1985–87 with special reference to groundnut streak necrosis disease, in Proceedings Third Regional Groundnut Workshop for Southern Africa, 13–18 March 1988, Lilongwe, Malawi. ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 13–20.Google Scholar
  11. Bockelee-Morvan, A. (1983) Les différentes variétés d’arachide: répartition géographique et climatique, disporobilité. Oléagineux, 38, 73–116.Google Scholar
  12. Bockelee-Morvan, A., Gautreau, J., Mortreuil, J.C. and Russel, O. (1974) Results obtained with drought-resistant groundnut varieties in West Africa. Oléagineux, 29, 309–314.Google Scholar
  13. Bouhot, D. (1967) Observations sur quelques affections des plantes cultivées au Senegal. LAgronomie Tropicale, 22, 888–890.Google Scholar
  14. Boshou, L., Yuying, W., Xingming, X. et al. (1990) Genetic and breeding aspects of resistance to bacterial wilt in groundnut, in Bacterial wilt of groundnut (eds K.J. Middleton and A. C. Hayward), Proceedings of an ACIAR/ICRISAT Collaborative Research Planning Meeting held at Genting Highlands, Malaysia, 18–19 March 1990. ACIAR Proceedings No. 31, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, pp. 39–43 of 58 pp.Google Scholar
  15. Brar, G. (1992)Google Scholar
  16. Brim, C.A. (1966) A modified pedigree method of selection. Crop Science, 6, 220–221.Google Scholar
  17. Bromfield, K.R. and Bailey, W.K. (1972) Inheritance of resistance to Puccinia arachidis in peanut. Phytopathology, 62, 748 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  18. Bromfield, K.R. and Cevario, S.J. (1970) Greenhouse screening of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) for resistance to peanut rust (Puccinia arachidis). Plant Disease Reporter, 54, 381–383.Google Scholar
  19. Brown, D.F., Cater, CM., Mattil, K.F. and Darroch, J.G. (1975) Effect of variety, growing location, and their interaction on the fatty acid composition of peanuts. Journal of Food Science, 40, 1055–1060.Google Scholar
  20. Buddenhagen, I.W. and Kelman, A. (1964) Biological and physiological aspects of bacterial wilt caused by Pseudomonas solanacearwn. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 2, 203–230.Google Scholar
  21. Bunting, A.H., Wynne, J.C. and Gibbons, R.W. (1985) Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), in Grain Legume Crops, (eds. R.J. Summerfield and E.H. Roberts), Collins Professional and Technical Books, London, pp. 747–800.Google Scholar
  22. Busolo-Bufalu, C.M. (1990) Groundnut improvement program in Uganda, in Proceedings of the Fourth Regional Groundnut Workshop for Southern Africa, 19–23 March, Arusha, Tanzania, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 55–59.Google Scholar
  23. Coffelt, T.A. and Porter, D.M. (1982) Screening peanuts for resistance to sclerotinia blight. Plant Disease, 66, 385–387.Google Scholar
  24. Cole, R.J., Sanders, T.H., Dorner, J.W. and Blankenship, P.D. (1989) Environmental conditions required to produce preharvest aflatoxin contamination of groundnuts: summary of six years’ research, in Aflatoxin Contamination of Groundnuts: Proceedings of the International Workshop, 6–9 October 1987, ICRISAT Center, (eds D. McDonald and V.K. Mehan), ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 279–287.Google Scholar
  25. Davidson, J.I., Jr, Hill, R.A., Cole, R.J. et al (1983) Field performance of two peanut cultivars relative to aflatoxin contamination. Peanut Science, 10, 43–47.Google Scholar
  26. de Berchoux, C. (1958) Étude sur la résistance de l’arachide en Haute Volta. Premiers resultants. Oléagineux, 13, 237–239.Google Scholar
  27. de Berchoux, C. (1960) La rosette de l’arachide en Haute Volta. Comportement des lignes résistantes. Oléagineux, 15, 237–239.Google Scholar
  28. Doupnik, B., Jr (1969) Aflatoxins produced on peanut varieties previously reported to inhibit production. Phytopathology, 59, 1554.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Doupnik, B., Jr and Bell, D.K. (1969) Screening peanut breeding lines for resistance to aflatoxin accumulation. Journal of the American Peanut Research and Education Association, 1, 80–82.Google Scholar
  30. Durham, R.E., Parrott, W.A., Baker, CM. and Wetzstein, H.Y. (1991) Repetitive somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in peanut. Agronomy Abstracts, 83, 194.Google Scholar
  31. Dwivedi, S.L., Amin, P.W., Rasheedunisa, Nigam, S.N. et al. (1986) Genetic analysis of trichome characters associated with resistance to jassid (Empoasca kerri Pruthi) in peanut. Peanut Science, 13, 15–18.Google Scholar
  32. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (1990) FAO Year Book — Production 1989, Statistics Series No. 94, Vol. 43, pp. 157–158.Google Scholar
  33. Foster, D.J., Stalker, H.T., Wynne, J.C. and Beute, M.K. (1981) Resistance of Arachis hypogaea L. and wild relatives to Cercospora arachidicola Hori. Oléagineux, 36, 139–143.Google Scholar
  34. Foster, D.J., Wynne, J.C. and Beute, M.K. (1980) Evaluation of detached leaf culture for screening peanuts for leaf spot resistance. Peanut Science, 7, 98–100.Google Scholar
  35. Gautreau, J. and De Pins, O. (1980) Groundnut production and research in Senegal, in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Groundnuts, 13–17 October, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 274–281.Google Scholar
  36. Ghanekar, A.M. (1980) Groundnut virus research at ICRISAT, in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Groundnuts, 13–17 October 1980, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 211–216.Google Scholar
  37. Ghewande, M.P., Nagaraj, G. and Reddy, P.S. (1989) Aflatoxin research at the Indian National Research Center for Groundnut, in Aflatoxin Contamination of Groundnuts: Proceedings of the International Workshop, 6–9 October 1987, (eds D. McDonald and V.K. Mehan), ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 237–243.Google Scholar
  38. Gibbons, R.W., Bunting, A.H. and Smartt, J. (1972) The classification of varieties of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Euphytica, 21, 78–85.Google Scholar
  39. Gocho, H. (1991) Breeding for eating quality in groundnut in Japan. Paper presented at the Second International Groundnut Workshop, 25–29 November 1991, ICRISAT Center, Patancheru.Google Scholar
  40. Godoy, I.J. and Giandana, E. (1992) Groundnut production and research in South America, in Proceedings of the Second International Groundnut Workshop, 25–29 November 1991, ICRISAT, Patancheru.Google Scholar
  41. Gorbet, D.W., Shokes, F.M. and Jackson, L.J. (1982) Control of peanut leafspot with a combination of resistance and fungicide treatment. Peanut Science, 9, 87–90.Google Scholar
  42. Green, C.C. and Wynne, J.C. (1987) Genetic variability and heritability for resistance to early leaf spot in four crosses of virginia-type peanut. Crop Science, 27, 18–21.Google Scholar
  43. Green, C.C, Beute, M.K. and Wynne, J.C. (1983) A comparison of methods of evaluating resistance to Cylindrocladium crotalariae in peanut field tests. Peanut Science, 10, 66–69.Google Scholar
  44. Gregory, W.C, Gregory, M.P., Krapovickas, A. et al. (1973) Structure and genetic resources of peanuts, in Peanuts — Culture and Uses, (ed. CA. Wilson), American Peanut Research and Education Association, Inc., Stillwater, Oklahoma, pp. 47–133.Google Scholar
  45. Grieshammer, U. and Wynne, J.C. (1990) Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance of three isozymes in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Peanut Science, 17, 101–105.Google Scholar
  46. Guok, H.P., Wynne, J.C and Stalker, H.T. (1986) Recurrent selection within a population from an interspecific peanut cross. Crop Science, 26, 249–253.Google Scholar
  47. Halward, T.M., Stalker, T., LaRue, E. and Kochert, G. (1992) Use of single-primer DNA amplification in genetic studies of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Plant Molecular Biology, 18, 315–325.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Hammons, R.O. (1977) Groundnut rust in the United States and the Caribbean. PANS, 23, 300–324.Google Scholar
  49. Harkness, C. (1977) The breeding and selection of groundnut varieties for resistance to rosette virus disease in Nigeria, Institute for Agricultural Research Report, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria, 45 pp.Google Scholar
  50. Hartley, W. (1949) Plant collecting expedition to sub-tropical South America 1947–48. Report. DW. Plant Industry Australia No. 7.Google Scholar
  51. Hassan, H.N. and Beute, M.K. (1977) Evaluation of resistance to cercospora leaf spot in peanut germplasm potentially useful in a breeding program. Peanut Science, 4, 78–83.Google Scholar
  52. Hildebrand, G. (1985) Use of the single-seed descent method of selection in groundnut breeding in Zimbabwe, in Proceedings of the Regional Groundnut Research Workshop for Southern Africa, 26–29 March, 1984, Lilongwe, Malawi, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 137–140.Google Scholar
  53. Holley, R.H., Wynne, J.C, Campbell, W.V. and Isleib, T.G. (1985) Combining ability for insect resistance in peanut. Oléagineux, 40, 203–207.Google Scholar
  54. ICRISAT (1983) Annual report 1982, ICRISAT, Patancheru.Google Scholar
  55. ICRISAT (1984) Annual report 1983, ICRISAT, Patancheru, 186 pp.Google Scholar
  56. ICRISAT (1985) Annual report 1984, ICRISAT, Patancheru, 212 pp.Google Scholar
  57. ICRISAT (1986) Annual report 1985, ICRISAT, Patancheru, 250 pp.Google Scholar
  58. ICRISAT (1987) Annual report 1986, ICRISAT, Patancheru, 226 pp.Google Scholar
  59. ICRISAT (1988) Annual report 1987, ICRISAT, Patancheru, 235 pp.Google Scholar
  60. ICRISAT (1989) Annual report 1988, ICRISAT, Patancheru.Google Scholar
  61. Isleib, T.G. and Wynne, J.C. (1992) Use of plant introductions in peanut improvement, in Use of Plant Introductions in Cultivar Development, Part 2, (eds H.L. Shands and L.E. Weisner), CSSA Spec. Pub. No. 20, pp. 75–116.Google Scholar
  62. Jambunathan, R., Mehan, V.K. and Gurtu, Santosh. (1989) Aflatoxin contamination of groundnut, in Aflatoxin Contamination of Groundnuts: Proceedings of the International Workshop, 6–9 October 1987, (eds D. McDonald and V.K. Mehan), ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 357–364.Google Scholar
  63. Karchesy, J.J. and Hemingway, R.W. (1986) Condensed tannins (4B→8→2B→0→7)-linked procyanidins in Arachis hypogaea L. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 34, 966–970.Google Scholar
  64. Kisyombe, C.T., Beute, M.K. and Payne, G.A. (1985) Field evaluation of peanut genotypes for resistance to infection by Aspergillus parasiticus. Peanut Science, 12, 12–17.Google Scholar
  65. Knauft, D.A. and Gorbet, D.W. (1989) Genetic diversity among peanut cultivars. Crop Science, 29, 1417–1422.Google Scholar
  66. Kochert, G. and Branch, W.D. (1990) RFLP analysis of peanut cultivars and wild species. Proceedings American Peanut Research and Education Society, 22, 53 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  67. Kochert, G.D., Haiward, T.M., Branch, W.D. and Simpson, C.E. (1991) RFLP variability in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars and wild species. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 81, 565–570.Google Scholar
  68. Krapovickas, A. (1968) Origen, variabilidad, y difusiön del mani (Arachis hypogaea L.). Actas y Memorias del XXXVII Congreso Internacional de Americanistas. English translation (1969) The origin, variability, and spread of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea), in The domestication and exploitation of plants and animals (eds P.J. Ucko and G.W. Dimbleby), Gerald Duckworth Co. Ltd., London, pp. 427–441.Google Scholar
  69. Kuhn, C.W. and Demski, J.W. (1975) The relationship of peanut mottle virus to peanut production. Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station Research Report No. 213.Google Scholar
  70. Kulkarni, L.G., Sharief, Y. and Sarma, V.S. (1967) Asirya Mwitunde groundnut gives good results in Hyderabad. Indian Farming, 17, 11–12.Google Scholar
  71. Kushalappa, A.C., Bartz, J.A. and Norden, A.J. (1979) Susceptibility of pods of different peanut genotypes to Aspergillus group of fungi. Phytopathology, 69, 159–162.Google Scholar
  72. Lansden, J. A. (1982) Aflatoxin inhibition and fungistasis by peanut tannins. Peanut Science, 9, 17–20.Google Scholar
  73. LaPrade, J.C, Bartz, J.A., Norden, A.J. and Demuynk, T.J. (1973) Correlation of peanut seed-coat surface wax accumulations with tolerance to colonization by Aspergillus flavus. Journal of the American Peanut Research and Education Association, 5, 89–94.Google Scholar
  74. Lee, J.I., Han, E.D., Park, H.N. and Park, R.K. (1989) ‘Namdaettangkong’ a new large-seed and high-yielding Virginia bunch type peanut variety. Korea Rural Development Administration Research Reports, Vol. 21, No. 4 (U&I), 1989:20–25 (Korean with English abstract).Google Scholar
  75. Lee, J.I., Han, E.D., Park, H.W. et al. (1968) An early, erect type, large grain and high-yielding peanut varietyDaekwangtangkong’. Korea Rural Development Administration Research Report 28, No. 2 (Crops), Dec. 1986: 197–202 (Korean with English abstract).Google Scholar
  76. Lynch, R.E. (1990) Resistance in peanut to major arthropod pests. Florida Entomologist, 73, 422–445.Google Scholar
  77. Maggon, K.K., Gopal, S. and Venkitasubramanian, T.A. (1973) Effect of trace metals on aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen. 164, 523.Google Scholar
  78. Mayeux, A. (1987) Groundnut research program in Botswana, in Proceedings of the Second Regional Groundnut Workshop in Southern Africa, 10–14 February 1986, Harare, Zimbabwe, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 65–71.Google Scholar
  79. Mehan, V.K. and McDonald, D. (1980) Screening for resistance to Aspergillus flavus invasion and aflatoxin production in groundnuts, ICRISAT, Groundnut Improvement Program Occasional Paper No. 2, ICRISAT, Patancheru (limited distribution).Google Scholar
  80. Mehan, V.K., McDonald, D. and Rajagopalan, K. (1987) Resistance of peanut genotypes to seed infection by Aspergillus flavus in field trials in India. Peanut Science, 14, 17–21.Google Scholar
  81. Mehan, V.K., McDonald, D. and Ramakrishna, N. (1986a) Varietal resistance in peanut to aflatoxin production. Peanut Science, 13, 7–10.Google Scholar
  82. Mehan, V.K., McDonald, D., Ramakrishna, N. and Williams, J.H. (1986b) Effects of genotype and date of harvest on infection of peanut seed by Aspergillus and subsequent contamination with aflatoxin. Peanut Science, 13, 46–50.Google Scholar
  83. Mehan, V.K., McDonald, D., Nigam, S.N. and Lalitha, B. (1981) Groundnut cultivars with seed resistant to invasion by Aspergillus flavus. Oléagineux, 30, 501–507.Google Scholar
  84. Melouk, H.A., Banks, D.J. and Fanous, M.A. (1984) Assessment of resistance to Cercospora arachidicola in peanut genotypes in field plots. Plant Disease, 68, 395–397.Google Scholar
  85. Mixon, A.C. (1976) Peanut breeding strategy to minimize aflatoxin contamination. Journal of the American Peanut Research and Education Association, 8, 54–58.Google Scholar
  86. Mixon, A.C. (1980) Comparison of pod and seed screening methods on Aspergillus spp. infection of peanut genotypes. Peanut Science, 7, 1–3.Google Scholar
  87. Mixon, A.C. (1983a) Peanut germplasm lines, AR-1, -2, -3, and -4. Crop Science, 23, 1021.Google Scholar
  88. Mixon, A.C. (1983b) Two peanut germplasm lines, GFA-1 and GFA-2. Crop Science, 23, 1020–1021.Google Scholar
  89. Mixon, A.C. and Rogers, K.M. (1973a) Peanut accessions resistant to seed infection by Aspergillus flavus. Agronomy Journal, 65, 560–562.Google Scholar
  90. Mixon, A.C. and Rogers, K.M. (1973b) Peanuts resistant to seed infection by Aspergillus flavus. Oléagineux, 28, 85–86.Google Scholar
  91. Moore, K. and Knauft, D.A. (1989) The inheritance of high oleic acid in peanut. Journal of Heredity, 80, 252–253.Google Scholar
  92. Nagrajan, V. and Bhat, R.V. (1973) Aflatoxin production in peanut varieties by Aspergillus flavus Link and A. parasiticus Speare. Applied Microbiology, 25, 319–321.Google Scholar
  93. Nevill, D.J. (1982) Inheritance of resistance to Cercosporidium personatum in groundnuts: a genetic model and its implications for selection. Oléagineux, 37, 355–362.Google Scholar
  94. Nigam, S.N. (1987) A review of the present status of the genetic resources of the ICRISAT Regional Groundnut Improvement Program of the Southern African Cooperative Regional Yield and of rosette virus resistance breeding, in Proceedings of the Regional Groundnut Workshop South Africa, 2nd, 10–14 February 1986, Harare, Zimbabwe, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 15–30.Google Scholar
  95. Nigam, S.N. and Bock, K.R. (1990) Inheritance of resistance to groundnut rosette virus in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). Annals of Applied Biology, 117, 553–560.Google Scholar
  96. Nigam, S.N., Dwivedi, S.L. and Gibbons, R.W. (1980) Groundnut breeding at ICRISAT, in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Groundnuts, 13–17 October 1980, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 62–68.Google Scholar
  97. Nigam, S.N., Dwivedi, S.L. and Gibbons, R.W. (1991) Groundnut breeding: constraints, achievements, and future possibilities. Plant Breeding Abstracts, 61, 1127–1136.Google Scholar
  98. Norden, A.J. (1980) Crop improvement and genetic resources in groundnuts, in Advances in Legume Science, (eds R.J. Summerfield and A.H. Bunting), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK, pp. 515–523.Google Scholar
  99. Norden, A.J., Gorbet, D.W., Knauft, D.A. and Young, C.T. (1987) Variability in oil quality among peanut genotypes in the Florida breeding program. Peanut Science, 14, 7–11.Google Scholar
  100. Norden, A.J., Smith, O.D and Gorbet, D.W. (1982) Breeding of the cultivated peanut, in Peanut Science and Technology, (eds H.E. Pattee and C.T. Young), American Peanut Research and Education Society, Inc., Yoakum, TX, pp. 95–122.Google Scholar
  101. Payne, G.A. and Hagler, W.M., Jr (1983) Effect of specific amino acids on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus in defined media. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 46, 805–812.Google Scholar
  102. Peanut C.R.S.P., United States Agency for International Development (1990) 1989/90 Annual Report. Peanut Collaborative Research Support Program, The University of Georgia, Georgia Experiment Station, Griffin, GA.Google Scholar
  103. Pettit, R.E., Taber, R.A., Smith, O.D. and Jones, B.L. (1977) Reduction of mycotoxin contamination in peanuts through resistant variety development. Ann Tech Agric 27, 343–351.Google Scholar
  104. Philippine Council for Agriculture and Resources Research and Development (1985) Peanut Proceedings. PCARRD Book Series No. 39, PCARRD, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines, 116 pp.Google Scholar
  105. Prine, G.M., Dunavin, L.S., Moore, J.E. and Roush, R.D. (1981) ‘Florigraze’ rhizome peanut — a perennial forage legume. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 275.Google Scholar
  106. Pua, A.R. and Medalla, E.C. (1986) Screening for resistance to Aspergillus flavus invasion in peanut. 17th Anniversary and Annual Convention, Pest Control Council of the Philippines, 8–10 May, Iloila City, Philippines. (Abstract.)Google Scholar
  107. Rao, K.S. and Tulpule, P.G. (1967) Varietal differences of groundnut in the production of aflatoxin. Nature, 214, 738–739.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Reddy, D.V.R. (1980) International aspects of groundnut virus research, in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Groundnuts, 13–17 October 1980, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 203–210.Google Scholar
  109. Reddy, D.V.R., Iizuka, N., Subrahmanyam, P. et al. (1979) A soil borne virus disease of peanuts in India. Proceedings of the American Peanut Research and Education Society, 11, 49 (Abstract).Google Scholar
  110. Reddy, L.J., Nigam, S.N., Dwivedi, S.L. and Gibbons, R.W. (1987) Breeding groundnut cultivars resistant to rust (Puccinia arachidis Speg.), in Groundnut Rust Disease: Proceedings of a Discussion Group Meeting, 24–28 September 1984, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 17–25.Google Scholar
  111. Sanders, T.H. and Mixon, A.C. (1978) Effect of peanut tannins on percent seed colonization and in vitro growth by Aspergillus parasiticus. Mycopathologia, 66, 169–173.Google Scholar
  112. Simpson, C.E. (1983) Plant exploration: planning, organization and implementation with special emphasis on Arachis, in Conservation of Crop Germplasm: an International Perspective, (eds W.L. Brown, T.T. Chang, M.M. Goodman and Q. Jones), Crop Science Society of America Special Publication, No. 8, CSSA, Madison, Wis., pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  113. Simpson, C.E. (1990) Collecting wild Arachis in South America past and future, m IBPGR International Crop Network Series. 2. Report of a Workshop on the Genetic Resources of Wild Arachis Species Including Preliminary Descriptors for Arachis. IBPGR/ICRISAT, Rome, pp. 10–17.Google Scholar
  114. Simpson, CE. (1991) Pathways for introgression of pest resistance into Arachis hypogaea L. Peanut Science, 18, 22–25.Google Scholar
  115. Singh, A.K., Subrahmanyam, P. and Moss, J.P. (1984) The dominant nature of resistance to Puccinia arachidis in certain wild Arachis species. Oléagineux, 39, 535–538.Google Scholar
  116. Smartt, J. (1978) Makulu Red — a ‘Green Revolution’ variety? Euphytica, 27, 605–608.Google Scholar
  117. Smith, O.D., Boswell, T.E., Gricher, W.J. and Simpson, CE. (1989) Reaction of select peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) lines to southern stem rot and Pythium pod rot under varied disease pressure. Peanut Science, 16, 9–13.Google Scholar
  118. Sowell, G., Smith, D.H. and Hammons, R.O. (1976) Resistance of peanut plant introductions to Cercospora arachidicola. Plant Disease Reporter, 60, 494–498.Google Scholar
  119. Stalker, H.T. and Moss, J.P. (1987) Speciation, cytogenetics, and utilization of Arachis species. Advances in Agronomy, 41, 1–40.Google Scholar
  120. Stalker, H.T., Jones, T.M. and Murphy, J.P. (1990) Isozyme variability among Arachis species. Proceedings of the American Peanut Research and Education Society, 22, 50 (Abstract).Google Scholar
  121. Subrahmanyam, P., Ghanekar, A.M., Nolt, B.L. et al. (1985) Resistance to groundnut diseases in wild Arachis species, in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Cytogenetics of Arachis, 31 October–2 November 1983, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 49–55.Google Scholar
  122. Subrahmanyam, P. and McDonald, D. (1983) Rust disease of groundnut, ICRISATGoogle Scholar
  123. Information Bulletin No. 13, ICRISAT, Patancheru.Google Scholar
  124. Subrahmanyam, P., Gibbons, R.W., Nigam, S.N. and Rao, V.R. (1982a) Screening methods and further sources of resistance to peanut rust. Peanut Science, 7, 10–12.Google Scholar
  125. Subrahmanyam, P., McDonald, D., Gibbons, R.W. etal. (1982b) Resistance to rust and late leaf spot diseases in some genotypes of Arachis hypogaea. Peanut Science, 9, 6–10.Google Scholar
  126. Subrahmanyam, P., McDonald, D. and Subba Rao, P.V. (1983a) Influence of host genotype on uredospore production and germinability in Puccinia arachidis. Phytopathology, 73, 726–729.Google Scholar
  127. Subrahmanyam, P., McDonald, D., Gibbons, R.W. and Subba Rao, P.V. (1983b) Components of resistance to Puccinia arachidis in peanuts. Phytopathology, 73, 253–256.Google Scholar
  128. Subrahmanyam, P., Moss, J.P. and Rao, V.R. (1983c) Resistance to peanut rust in wild Arachis species. Plant Disease, 67, 209–212.Google Scholar
  129. Subrahmanyam, P., Williams, J.H., McDonald, D. and Gibbons, R.W. (1984) The influence of foliar diseases and their control by selective fungicides on a range of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes. Annals of Applied Biology, 104, 467–476.Google Scholar
  130. Sundararaman, S. (1926) The clump disease of groundnuts. Madras Agricultural Yearbook, 1926, 13–14.Google Scholar
  131. Taber, R.A., Pettit, R.E., Benedict, CR. et al. (1973) Comparison of Aspergillus flavus tolerant and susceptible lines. I. Light microscopic investigation. Proceedings of the American Peanut Research and Education Association, 5, 206–207.Google Scholar
  132. Trochain, J. (1931) La lèpre de Farachide. Revue de Botanique Appliquée et d’Agriculture Tropicale, 11, 330–334.Google Scholar
  133. Tsai, A.H. and Yeh, C.C. (1985) Studies on aflatoxin contamination and screening for disease resistance in groundnuts. Journal of Agricultural Research of China, 34, 79–86.Google Scholar
  134. Tulpule, P.G., Bhat, R.V. and Nagraj, V. (1977) Variations in aflatoxin production due to fungal isolates and crop genotypes and their scope in prevention of aflatoxin production. Archives d’Institut Pasteur, Tunis, 54, 487–193.Google Scholar
  135. Turner, R.B., Lindsey, D.L., Davis, D.D. and Bishop, R.D. (1975) Isolation and identification of 5,7-dimethoxyisoflavone. an inhibitor of Aspergillus flavus from peanut. Mycopathologia, 57, 39–10.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Vasudeva Rao, M.J., Nigam, S.N., Mehan, V.K. and McDonald, D. (1989) Aspergillus flavus resistance breeding in groundnut: progress made at ICRISAT Center, in Aflatoxin Contamination of Groundnuts, (eds D. McDonald and V.K. Mehan), Proceedings of the International Workshop, 6–9 October 1987, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 345–355.Google Scholar
  137. Venkitasubramanian, T.A. (1977) Biosynthesis of aflatoxin and its control, in Mycotoxins in Human and Animal Health, (eds J.V. Rodricks, C.W. Hesseltine and M.A. Mehlman), Pathotox Publications, Inc., Park Forest South, FL, pp. 81–98.Google Scholar
  138. Waliyar, F. and Bockelee-Morvan, A. (1989) Resistance of groundnut varieties to Aspergillus flavus in Senegal, in Aflatoxin Contamination of Groundnuts, (eds D. McDonald and V.K. Mehan), Proceedings of the International Workshop, 6–9 October 1987, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 305–310.Google Scholar
  139. Waliyar, F., McDonald, D., Nigam, S.N. and Subba Rao, P.V. (1989) Resistance to early leafspot of groundnui, in Proceedings of the Third Regional Groundnut Workshop, 13–18 March 1988, Lilongwe, Malawi, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp. 49–54.Google Scholar
  140. Wightman, J.W., Dick, K.M., Ranga Rao, G.V. et al. (1990) Pests of groundnut in the semi-arid tropics, in Insect Pests of Food Legumes, John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp. 243–322.Google Scholar
  141. Wilson, D.M., Mixon, A.C. and Troeger, J.M. 1977. Aflatoxin contamination of peanuts resistant to seed invasion by Aspergillus flavus. Phytopathology, 67, 922–924.Google Scholar
  142. Wynne, J.C. and Gregory, W.C. (1981) Peanut breeding, in Advances in Agronomy, (ed. N.C. Brady), Vol. 34. Academic Press, New York, pp. 39–72.Google Scholar
  143. Wynne, J.C. and Haiward, T. (1989a) Cytogenetics and genetics of Arachis, in Critical reviews in plant science, (ed. B.V. Conger), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 189–220.Google Scholar
  144. Wynne, J.C. and Halward, T.M. (1989b) Germplasm enhancement in peanut, in IB PGR Training Courses: Lecture Series 2. Scientific Management of Germplasm: Characterization, Evaluation and Enhancement, (eds H.T. Stalker and C. Chapman), International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, pp. 155–174.Google Scholar
  145. Wynne, J.C, Beute, M.K. and Nigam, S.N. (1991) Breeding for disease resistance in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Annual Reviews of Phytopathology, 29, 279–303.Google Scholar
  146. Xeyong, X. (1991) Groundnut production and research in East Asia in the 1980s. Proceedings of the Second International Groundnut Workshop, 25–29 November 1991, ICRISAT, Patancheru.Google Scholar
  147. Zambetakkis, C. (1975) Étude de la contamination de quelques variétés d’arachide par l’Aspergillus flavus. Oléagineux, 30, 161–167.Google Scholar
  148. Zambetakkis, C, Waliyar, F., Bockelee-Morvan, A. and dePins, O. (1981) Results of four years of research on resistance of groundnut varieties to Aspergillus flavus. Oléagineux, 36, 377–385.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. G. Isleib
  • J. C. Wynne
  • S. N. Nigam

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations