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Diseases

  • K. J. Middleton
  • S. Pande
  • S. B. Sharma
  • D. H. Smith
Part of the World Crop Series book series

Abstract

A well-balanced groundnut research team will always include a plant pathologist, such is the importance of diseases in the crop. However, the importance of a particular disease in a crop depends on a number of environmental factors. Under cool wet conditions, sclerotinia blight and web blotch may be important; bacterial wilt will be serious only under hot wet conditions. The leaf spot diseases and nematodes are important when the crop is grown regularly on the same soil; rust can be important under drier conditions than those favouring leaf spots. Aflatoxin contamination is worst under drought conditions, while those virus diseases spread by aphids will be severe when groundnuts are growing well but other crops in the area are suffering from water shortage. Other viruses which frequently infect weed hosts are more serious when those weeds are prevalent in the crop or its surroundings. The damping off of seedlings is most serious when poor quality seed is planted without fungicidal protection. Under most conditions, some incidence of disease can be expected, and in most production areas disease control requires research input.

Keywords

Leaf Spot Bacterial Wilt Leaf Spot Disease American Phytopathological Society Late Leaf Spot 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. J. Middleton
  • S. Pande
  • S. B. Sharma
  • D. H. Smith

There are no affiliations available

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