Signatures of Testing: On-Site Inspection Technologies
On-Site Inspection (OSI) should be an integral part of the overall CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty) verification regime and should be conducted with the view of obtaining scientific evidence which could be used to determine whether an ambiguous event is a nuclear explosion carried out in violation of the treaty’s provisions. This paper describes what we believe to be the phenomenology of nuclear explosions and technologies for their detection as relevant to OSI. The information presented here is based on our experience with the U.S. nuclear test program which has been primarily carried out at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and in the Pacific Ocean .
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