Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Biodiversity, Resilience and Sustainability
Much of the world’s biodiversity has been in the hands of traditional peoples, societies of hunters and gatherers, herders, fishers, agriculturists, for a great many generations. Most living resources of the earth have been utilised for a historically long time; exceptions are few (e.g., open-ocean and deep-sea species). As Gomez-Pompa and Kaus  observed, even tropical forests of the Amazon were not untouched environments but the result of the last ‘cycle of abandonment’ by traditional users. The fact is that pre-scientific, traditional systems of management have been the main means by which societies have managed natural resources for millennia [Berkes and Farvar, 1989; Gadgil et al., 1993]. In many cases, the main reason we have any biological diversity to speak about is because of these systems of management.
KeywordsBiodiversity Conservation World View Traditional Knowledge Indigenous Knowledge Home Garden
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