Local Variations in Magnetic Field, Long-Term Changes in Creep Rate, and Local Earthquakes along the San Andreas Fault in Central California
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Comparison between local variations in magnetic field, long-term changes in creep rate, and local earthquakes have been made for the seismically active and creeping section of the San Andreas fault between the most southern extent of the 1906 earthquake fault break and the most northern extent of the 1857 break, for the period early 1974 through mid-1977. The data utilized are from stations located near the two ends of this section of the San Andreas fault where strain accumulation is expected. The proton precession magnetometer stations included in this study have recorded local magnetic field variations up to 1.8 γ with durations of a few minutes to several months. The creep data indicated changes in creep rate of up to 10 mm/year lasting for 6 months or more and a close similarity between the changes in creep rate on two adjacent creepmeters about 7 km apart. Earthquakes with magnitudes less than 4.0 do not appear to correspond in time to local changes in magnetic field greater than 0.75 γ or variations in the creep rate. There is no general correspondence between creep events and magnetic field variations. There is, however, an approximate correspondence, in both space and time, between the long-term changes in creep rate and the variations in magnetic field. In order to explain the observations presented in this study, it appears necessary to allow for a substantial amount of deep aseismic slip without any obvious attendant changes in the time distribution or size of the local earthquakes.
KeywordsCreep Rate Local Earthquake Creep Data Creep Event Magnetic Field Change
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