Skip to main content

Mechanical Separation Processes

  • Chapter
Food Process Engineering


Processes which depend primarily on physical forces to accomplish the desired separation of components are used quite commonly in most phases of the food industry. These processes are normally referred to as mechanical separations and include filtration, sedimentation, and centrifugation. Each of these processes involves the application of a force to the fluid of concern, resulting in separation of the product components due to the different reaction of the components to the force applied. In the case of filtration, the force involved is that required to move the fluid through a filter medium. In the case of sedimentation, the forces are those of gravity and the influence of gravitational forces on the different components of the product. In the case of centrifugation, an induced force is applied resulting in separation of the product components due to centrifugal force.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 9.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  • CHARM, S.E. 1978. The Fundamentals of Food Engineering, 3rd Edition. AVI Publishing Co., Westport, Conn.

    Google Scholar 

  • COULSON, J.M., and RICHARDSON, J.F. 1978. Chemical Engineering, 3rd Edition, Volume II. Pergamon Press, Elmsford, N.Y.

    Google Scholar 

  • DECKER, H.M., BUCHANAN, L.M., HALL, L.B., and GODDARD, K.R. 1962. Air Filtration of Microbial Particles. Public Health Service. Publ. 593, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  • EARLE, R.L. 1966. Unit Operations in Food Processing. Pergamon Press, Elmsford, N.Y.

    Google Scholar 

  • WHITBY, K.T., and LUNDGREN, D.A. 1965. The mechanics of air cleaning. Trans. Am. Soc. Chem. Engrs. 8, No. 3, 342.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 1981 The Avi Publishing Company, Inc.

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Heldman, D.R., Singh, R.P. (1981). Mechanical Separation Processes. In: Food Process Engineering. Springer, Dordrecht.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-87055-380-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-010-9337-8

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

Publish with us

Policies and ethics