A Bargaining Model for Social Status in Informal Groups and Formal Organizations
Apart from economic payoffs, social status (social rank) seems to be the most important incentive and motivating force of social behavior. This concern for social status is perhaps more conspicuous in those societies, like the American, where the ruling ideology encourages a striving for upward social mobility, for movement to higher social status positions. But it seems to be no less important in those societies, like the traditional Indian caste society, which prevent or strongly discourage upward mobility—for at least downward mobility is possible in every society as punishment for nonfulfillment or certain social obligations. Thus the only difference is that in such less mobile societies, people’s concern for social status will take the form of simply trying to maintain their existing status and caste positions and of avoiding all types of nonconformist behavior possibly endangering these positions.
KeywordsSocial Status Social Group Deferential Behavior Bargaining Model High Social Status
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