Effects of Ionospheric Motions and Irregularities on HF Radio Propagation

  • T. M. Georges
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 14)


A tutorial account is given of observations of motions and irregularities in the ionosphere, of current theories of their origin, particularly those attributable to atmospheric-wave mechanisms, and of ray-tracing techniques for interpreting radio observations.


Total Electron Content Radio Wave Ionospheric Disturbance Internal Gravity Wave Radio Observation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. M. Georges
    • 1
  1. 1.ESSA Research LaboratoriesBoulderUSA

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