Simon Foucher (1644–1696)
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Simon Foucher is important in the history of modern philosophy as a sceptic who originated epistemological criticisms which were fatal to the Cartesian way of ideas. His method was that of the traditional sceptic: he assumed the principles of the system under analysis, and then reasoned to what he considered were contradictory conclusions. His arguments against the distinction between ideas and sensations were utilized by Bayle, Berkeley, and Hume. Any history of the Cartesian way of ideas, and any analysis of the representative theory of perception, must take into consideration the significant contribution of Simon Foucher.
KeywordsExternal World Modern Philosophy Mathematical Truth External Thing Academic Philosopher
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