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Phenomenalism, idealism, spiritualism, and other contemporary philosophical movements originating in the reflective experience of the cogito witness to the immense influence of Descartes. However, Carte- sianism as a complete metaphysical system in the image of that of the master collapsed early in the 18th century. A small school of brilliant Cartesians, almost all expert in the new mechanistic science, flashed like meteors upon the intellectual world of late 17th century- France to win well-deserved recognition for Cartesianism. They were accompanied by a scintillating comet, Malebranche, the deviant Cartesian, now remembered as the orthodox Cartesians are not. However, all these bright lights faded upon the philosophical horizon, almost as soon as they appeared. The metaphysical dualism of Descartes was, as such, neither to be preserved nor reconstructed.
KeywordsSense Organ Deductive System Primary Quality Material Thing Secondary Quality
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