The Anaesthetic Management of the Surgical Patient with a Cardiac Pacemaker
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Each year an estimated number of 50–60 cardiac pacemakers are implanted per I million population in the Western European countries (1). In Holland during 1970 their number was approximately 900. The patients fitted with a pacemaker usually do not fall into the category of ‘otherwise young healthy individuals’. Being older they often suffer from other diseases, which sometimes requires surgical intervention. If they are young they will, with the help of their pacemaker, grow older and then come into the same ‘old category’.
KeywordsCentral Venous Pressure Anaesthetic Management Cardiac Pacemaker Stimulus Threshold Young Healthy Individual
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- 1.Various authors on clinical aspects of long-term cardiac pacing. Annates de Cardiologie et d’Angeiologie 20, 4, 285 (1971).Google Scholar
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